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The subject of the present paper is the simultaneous determination of ethanol (EtOH) and acetaldehyde (AcH) concentrations in the striatum of freely moving rats using an in vivo microdialysis followed by head-space gas chromatography (GC). Major operation conditions of GC were as follows: column, injector and detector temperatures 90, 110 and 200 degrees C,(More)
AIMS The in vivo formation of salsolinol (1-methyl-6,7-dihydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquionoline), an endogeneous condensation product of dopamine (DA) with acetaldehyde (AcH), was examined following the administration of cyanamide (CY) plus ethanol (EtOH) using microdialysis-high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. METHODS(More)
Alcohol ingestion affects both motor and cognitive functions. One brain system that is influenced by ethanol is the basal forebrain (BF) cholinergic projection system, which projects to diverse neocortical and limbic areas. The BF is associated with memory and cognitive function. Our primary interest is the examination of how regions that receive BF(More)
BACKGROUND Salsolinol, a neuropharmacologically active compound, is formed by the condensation of acetaldehyde (AcH) with dopamine (DA) in the brain. The aim of our study was to examine the effect of a high concentration of AcH on salsolinol formation and to compare the release of DA, serotonin (5-HT), and salsolinol in the striatum and nucleus accumbens(More)
Using brain microdialysis, we measured both ethanol (EtOH) and acetaldehyde (AcH) levels in the striatum of free-moving rats following the inhibition of EtOH oxidation pathways. Rats received intraperitoneal EtOH (1g/kg) alone or in combination with 4-methylpyrazole (MP, 82 mg/kg, an alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor), and/or catalase inhibitor sodium azide(More)
To assess the dose-dependent effect of cyanamide (CY, a potent aldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitor) on salsolinol release in the striatum, rats were treated with CY (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg) plus ethanol (EtOH,1 g/kg) intraperitoneally. Striatal salsolinol was detected using in vivo microdialysis coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography with an(More)
Our previous microdialysis study demonstrated that both ethanol (EtOH) and acetaldehyde (ACe) decrease in vivo acetylcholine (ACh) release in the medial frontal cortex of freely moving rats. To better understand the mechanisms of EtOH and ACe's effects on the cholinergic system in the brain, choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE)(More)
The effects of acetaldehyde (ACD) on dopamine (DA) and DA-derived salsolinol (SAL) levels were investigated in the striatum of freely moving rats. Dialysate levels of DA and SAL were determined using in vivo reverse microdialysis coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography with an electrochemical detector. Perfusion with 1,000 μM ACD decreased DA(More)
We investigated the effects of alcohol (EtOH) and acetaldehyde (ACe) on choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the frontal cortex of Aldh2-/- (KO) mice. KO mice were used as models of Aldh2-deficient humans to examine ACe effects. Brain samples were analyzed at 40 and 120 min after 2- and 4-g/kg intraperitoneal EtOH(More)
The effect of high acetaldehyde (ACe) on acetylcholine (ACh) release was studied in vivo in the medial frontal cortex (mfc) of freely moving rats using brain microdialysis coupled with high performance liquid chromatography and an electrochemical detector. Ethanol (EtOH) and ACe concentrations were quantified simultaneously in the mfc of awake rats by in(More)