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Mitophagy, the autophagic degradation of mitochondria, is an important housekeeping function in eukaryotic cells, and defects in mitophagy correlate with ageing phenomena and with several neurodegenerative disorders. A central mechanistic question regarding mitophagy is whether mitochondria are consumed en masse, or whether an active process segregates(More)
A superior approach involving nano-high-performance liquid chromatography (nano-HPLC) in on-line conjunction to electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ESI QTOF MS) and tandem MS for screening and structural characterization of complex mixtures of neutral glycosphingolipids (GSLs) is here described. Neutral GSLs purified from(More)
Under conditions of nutrient shortage autophagy is the primary cellular mechanism ensuring availability of substrates for continuous biosynthesis. Subjecting cells to starvation or rapamycin efficiently induces autophagy by inhibiting the MTOR signaling pathway triggering increased autophagic flux. To elucidate the regulation of early signaling events upon(More)
The coupling of nano high-performance liquid chromatography (nanoHPLC) with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry (MS) via an automatic spotting roboter was developed and adapted for the first time for the analysis of complex mixtures of glycosphingolipids (GSLs). The 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid and 6-azo-2-thiothymine matrix(More)
Modern microfluidic devices are currently introduced in electrospray (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS), tending to substitute the classical capillary-based ESI infusion. Automated systems using the combination of robotized sample handling and chip-based ESI are significantly increasing the analysis reproducibility, precision, throughput, and efficiency. In the(More)
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) process of sialoglycoconjugates is generally accompanied by different levels of cleavage of sialic acid residues and/or by dehydration, and decarboxylation reactions. Quantitative densitometry of the mouse brain ganglioside (MBG) components separated by high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC)(More)
In large-scale phosphoproteomics studies, fractionation by strong cation exchange (SCX) or electrostatic repulsion-hydrophilic interaction chromatography (ERLIC) is commonly used to reduce sample complexity, fractionate phosphopeptides from their unmodified counterparts, and increase the dynamic range for phosphopeptide identification. However, these(More)
Reversible phosphorylations play a critical role in most biological pathways. Hence, in signaling studies great effort has been put into identification of a maximum number of phosphosites per experiment. Mass spectrometry (MS)-based phosphoproteomics approaches have been proven to be an ideal analytical method for mapping of phosphosites. However, because(More)
The serine/threonine kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) governs growth, metabolism, and aging in response to insulin and amino acids (aa), and is often activated in metabolic disorders and cancer. Much is known about the regulatory signaling network that encompasses mTOR, but surprisingly few direct mTOR substrates have been established to date. To(More)
Stress-induced autophagy leads to major cellular remodeling. During autophagy, a new organelle, the autophagosome, is formed that shuttles cellular material to lysosomes for degradation. Quantitative mass spectrometry-based proteomics is a powerful research strategy for the description of spatio-temporal protein dynamics during autophagy. This technique(More)