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Mitophagy, the autophagic degradation of mitochondria, is an important housekeeping function in eukaryotic cells, and defects in mitophagy correlate with ageing phenomena and with several neurodegenerative disorders. A central mechanistic question regarding mitophagy is whether mitochondria are consumed en masse, or whether an active process segregates(More)
A superior approach involving nano-high-performance liquid chromatography (nano-HPLC) in on-line conjunction to electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ESI QTOF MS) and tandem MS for screening and structural characterization of complex mixtures of neutral glycosphingolipids (GSLs) is here described. Neutral GSLs purified from(More)
Under conditions of nutrient shortage autophagy is the primary cellular mechanism ensuring availability of substrates for continuous biosynthesis. Subjecting cells to starvation or rapamycin efficiently induces autophagy by inhibiting the MTOR signaling pathway triggering increased autophagic flux. To elucidate the regulation of early signaling events upon(More)
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) process of sialoglycoconjugates is generally accompanied by different levels of cleavage of sialic acid residues and/or by dehydration, and decarboxylation reactions. Quantitative densitometry of the mouse brain ganglioside (MBG) components separated by high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC)(More)
Modern microfluidic devices are currently introduced in electrospray (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS), tending to substitute the classical capillary-based ESI infusion. Automated systems using the combination of robotized sample handling and chip-based ESI are significantly increasing the analysis reproducibility, precision, throughput, and efficiency. In the(More)
The serine/threonine kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) governs growth, metabolism, and aging in response to insulin and amino acids (aa), and is often activated in metabolic disorders and cancer. Much is known about the regulatory signaling network that encompasses mTOR, but surprisingly few direct mTOR substrates have been established to date. To(More)
Reversible phosphorylations play a critical role in most biological pathways. Hence, in signaling studies great effort has been put into identification of a maximum number of phosphosites per experiment. Mass spectrometry (MS)-based phosphoproteomics approaches have been proven to be an ideal analytical method for mapping of phosphosites. However, because(More)
Stress-induced autophagy leads to major cellular remodeling. During autophagy, a new organelle, the autophagosome, is formed that shuttles cellular material to lysosomes for degradation. Quantitative mass spectrometry-based proteomics is a powerful research strategy for the description of spatio-temporal protein dynamics during autophagy. This technique(More)
In large-scale phosphoproteomics studies, fractionation by strong cation exchange (SCX) or electrostatic repulsion-hydrophilic interaction chromatography (ERLIC) is commonly used to reduce sample complexity, fractionate phosphopeptides from their unmodified counterparts, and increase the dynamic range for phosphopeptide identification. However, these(More)
Monosialoganglioside fraction of YAC-1 lymphoma cells was comprehensively analyzed and structurally defined by nano-high-performance liquid chromatography (nanoHPLC) in on-line conjunction with electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ESI-QTOF MS). An efficient separation and sensitive detection of Neu5Gc-containing gangliosides(More)