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Neuropathic pain is a common problem following spinal cord injury (SCI). Effective analgesic therapy has been hampered by the lack of knowledge about the mechanisms underlying post-SCI neuropathic pain. Current evidence suggests GABAergic spinal nociceptive processing is a critical functional node in this complex phenotype, representing a potential target(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT There is increasing evidence for a role of the cannabinoid (CB) system in the development of neuropathic pain (NP) after spinal cord injury (SCI). The nonspecific CB₁ and CB₂ receptor agonists, WIN 55, 212-2 (WIN), have previously been shown to alleviate both mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia (TH) after peripheral nerve injury. (More)
(2006) 'Development of a prototype solid state fault current limiting and interrupting device for low voltage distribution networks.', IEEE transactions on or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. The full-text may be used and/or reproduced, and given to third parties in any format or medium, without(More)
Neuropathic pain (NP) is a significant and disabling clinical problem with very few therapeutic treatment options available. A major priority is to identify the molecular mechanisms responsible for NP. Although many seemingly relevant pathways have been identified, more research is needed before effective clinical interventions can be produced. Initial(More)
Millions of people suffer from spinal cord injury (SCI) with little known effective clinical therapy. Neuropathic pain (NP) is often accompanied with SCI, making clinical treatment challenging. Even though the key mediators in the development of NP have been discovered, the pathogenesis is still unclear. Some of the key mediators in the sustenance of NP(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropathic pain (NP) is a common occurrence following spinal cord injury (SCI). Identification of specific molecular pathways that are involved in pain syndromes has become a major priority in current SCI research. We have investigated the role of a cation-dependent chloride transporter, Cl-regulatory protein Na(+)-K(+)-Cl(-) 1 (NKCC1),(More)
Chronic liver disease is an important health challenge in the world, where hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections are the main causes of liver insufficiency. HBV infection is a serious global health problem, with two billion people infected worldwide, and 350 million suffering from chronic HBV infection. The objective of this study was prevalence of Hepatitis B(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT NKCC1 regulates neuronal homeostasis of chloride ions and mediates GABAergic activities in nociceptive processing. WNK1 is an upstream regulator of NKCC1 and acts via SPAK (STE20/SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase) and oxidative stress-responsive kinase 1. NKCC1 activity has been shown to be important in edema formation and(More)
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