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BACKGROUND Acanthamoeba spp. are free-living amoebae commonly found in the environmental sources such as water, soil, and air. This ubiquitous amoeba is the causative agent of amoebic keratitis (AK). The objective of the present study was to investigate the presence of Acanthamoeba spp. in water and soil sources in Ahvaz City, Khuzestan Province, southern(More)
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence and causes of blindness and low vision in Khuzestan province, Iran in 2006. METHODS This population-based cross-sectional study included residents of Khuzestan province during the year 2006. The study was designed according to World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. Multi-stage proportionate clustered random(More)
PURPOSE To compare the hemostatic effect of sulfur hexafluoride 20% (SF6 20%) with lactated Ringer's solution for prevention of early postoperative vitreous hemorrhage following diabetic vitrectomy. METHODS In a prospective randomized clinical trial, 50 eyes undergoing diabetic vitrectomy were divided into two groups. At the conclusion of surgery, in one(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to report the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and the contribution of various risk factors to ROP in the south-western region of Iran. MATERIAL AND METHODS This cross-sectional case-control series reviewed all low birth weight (LBW, ≤2000 g) neonates and/or neonates less than 32 weeks gestational age who had(More)
PURPOSE To compare the outcomes of iris claw anterior chamber intraocular lens (IC-ACIOL) with that of scleral fixation posterior chamber intraocular lens (SF-PCIOL) implantation during pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) as initial surgery to correct aphakia. METHODS Twelve patients with complicated cataract surgery or trauma who hadsuffered nucleus, whole(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of silicone oil (SO) on the corneal endothelium in SO filled phakic and pseudophakic vitrectomizied eyes. METHODS This prospective comparative consecutive case-control study evaluated the corneal endothelial characteristics of 64 SO filled vitrectomizied eyes (case group) as compared to 46 vitrectomizied eyes without SO(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative endophthalmitis is one the most serious complications of cataract surgery. The majority of causative organisms in this destructive infection come from the patient's own periocular flora. Efforts have been made to reduce the virulence of organisms in the eyelid and conjunctiva with perioperative topical antibiotics, preparation of(More)
PURPOSE To report the clinical features of eyes with intraretinal foreign bodies (IRFBs) and to evaluate the results of surgical management in these eyes. METHODS Hospital records of 34 eyes of 33 patients with IRFBs were reviewed. All eyes underwent pars plana vitrectomy to remove the foreign bodies using intraocular forceps or by magnetic extraction. (More)
PURPOSE To evaluate early postoperative changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) following phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. METHODS This prospective study included 129 eyes with open angles and normal or high IOP undergoing phacoemulsification and IOL implantation for senile cataracts. The patients were divided into 3 groups (Gs)(More)
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