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—We analyze the throughout achievable in transmission over block-fading channels when the instantaneous channel state information (CSI) is not available at the transmitter. Assuming operation with incremental redundancy hybrid ARQ (HARQ), we propose to adapt the transmissions rates using the outdated CSI, i.e., the one experienced by the receiver in the(More)
BACKGROUND Cost of delivering reproductive health services to low-income populations will always require total or partial subsidization by the government and/or development partners. Broadly termed "Demand-Side Financing" or "Output-Based Aid", includes a range of interventions that channel government or donor subsidies to the service user rather than the(More)
The integration of wireless local area networks (WLANs) and the high speed wide area network (WAN) using 'always on' broadband access that could provide an efficient and cost effective inter-WLAN mobility management requires the current WLAN internetworking protocol enhanced. The Inter Access Point Protocol (IAPP) defines methods for access point(More)
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