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The study is aimed at introducing the hepatic level of metallothionein transcript in the fish Lithognathus mormyrus as environmental biomarker, including: (a). establishing real time PCR procedure for the evaluation of metallothionein and 18S ribosomal RNA transcript levels, (b). examining the suitability of two alternate normalization factors, 18S- and(More)
Fish cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) is a widely accepted environmental biomarker, detecting biological effects of several xenobiotic groups present in aquatic environments, when evaluated in target tissues of a biosensor species. However, appropriate utilization of its protein level as a routine environmental diagnostic tool requires evaluation of properly(More)
Individuals of the fish Lithognathus mormyrus were exposed to a series of pollutants including: benzo[a]pyrene, pp-DDE, Aroclor 1254, perfluorooctanoic acid, tributyl-tin chloride, lindane, estradiol, 4-nonylphenol, methyl mercury chloride, and cadmium chloride. Five mixtures of the pollutants were injected. Each mixture included one to three compounds. A(More)
Gastroliths are transient extracellular calcium deposits formed by the crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus von Martens on both sides of the stomach wall during pre-molt. Gastroliths are made of a rigid chitinous organic matrix, constructed as sclerotized chitin-protein microfibrils within which calcium carbonate is deposited. Although gastroliths share many(More)
Alterations of hepatopancreatic multi-transcript expression patterns, related to induced moult cycle, were identified in male Cherax quadricarinatus through cDNA microarray hybridizations of hepatopancreatic transcript populations. Moult was induced by X-organ sinus gland extirpation or by repeated injections of 20-hydroxyecdysone. Manipulated males were(More)
The striped sea bream (Lithognathus mormyrus) has been recently introduced as a bioindicator fish species in Mediterranean coastal habitats. The purpose of this study was to apply a real-time PCR assay for the determination of absolute levels of hepatic VTG transcript in this fish, identifying minimal and maximal levels and establishing the relationship(More)
Biosynthesis of ecdysteroids, arthropod steroid molting hormones, proceeds from dietary cholesterol through a complex and still incompletely elucidated pathway. Most of the known steps are catalyzed by cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) but none of their genes has yet been identified. We have established a cDNA library of crayfish steroidogenic glands (Y(More)
Gastroliths, the calcium storage organs of crustaceans, consist of chitin-protein-mineral complexes in which the mineral component is stabilized amorphous calcium carbonate. To date, only three proteins, GAP 65, gastrolith matrix protein (GAMP), and orchestin, have been identified in gastroliths. Here, we report a novel protein, GAP 10, isolated from the(More)
The red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii, Girard 1852) is among the most economically important freshwater crustacean species, and it is also considered one of the most aggressive invasive species worldwide. Despite its commercial importance and being one of the most studied crayfish species, its genomic and transcriptomic layout has only been partially(More)
The expression of the vitellogenin gene of the red-claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus (CqVg) was previously demonstrated in male crayfish during an endocrinologically induced molt cycle. The hypothesis that this expression is under the direct control of ecdysteroids was tested in this study both in vivo and in vitro. Unlike vitellogenin of insects, CqVg(More)