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Inaccurate description of mandibular rotation can have profound effects on orthognathic surgical treatment planning and surgical outcome, as well as affect the precision of appliances fabricated on articulators. Disagreement exists concerning movements of the condyle during jaw opening. Although mandibular function is often described as rotation around an(More)
AIM Describe the oral condition of chronic renal failure and healthy subjects, and the relationship between oral variables, chronic renal failure (CRF) conditions, and their treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS Four renal failure groups: chronic renal disease (n=22); undergoing dialysis (n=22); after dialysis and transplant (n=21); and after transplant(More)
PURPOSE Banding a rapid palatal expansion (RPE) appliance to the 2 first molars has been proposed as an equivalent to the conventional 4-band RPE appliance. However, the dentoskeletal response to this treatment has not been evaluated. MATERIAL Twenty-eight subjects (aged 8-20 years) who required maxillary expansion were matched by age and randomly(More)
A prospective clinical trial was undertaken to study the effects of 6 months of continuous lip bumper therapy on patients in the mixed dentition with mild-to-moderate mandibular arch perimeter deficiency. Thirty-four patients, ages 7.9 to 13.1 years (mean = 10.2), seeking treatment in the postgraduate orthodontic clinic of the Medical College of Virginia,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare tipping mechanics (TM) and bodily mechanics (BM) with respect to duration, angulation, and anchorage loss during canine retraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS TM and BM brackets were bonded to the upper right and left canines, respectively, of 14 subjects requiring maxillary first premolar extractions. The upper canines were retracted with(More)
Current concepts of clinical orthodontic tooth movement are misleading. Traditionally, these have been described as dependent on force levels and being tipping/bodily in nature. The following is a reevaluation of the relationships between tooth movement and orthodontic mechanotherapy not usually considered when analyzing tooth movement clinically. It is our(More)
The utility arch is a two-couple intrusion arch wire used for control of anterior deep overbite. It is similar to a one-couple intrusion arch in that it is commonly made with rectangular wire, attached to the teeth only at the molars and the incisors and is activated for incisor intrusion by a molar tip back bend. It differs from a one-couple intrusion arch(More)
Anchorage loss (AL) is a potential side effect of orthodontic mechanotherapy. In the present study, it is defined as the amount of mesial movement of the upper first permanent molar during premolar extraction space closure. In addition, AL is described as a multifactorial response in relation to the extraction site, appliance type, age, crowding, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the ultimate accuracy of bracket placement in labial vs lingual systems and in direct vs indirect bonding techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty pretreatment dental casts of 20 subjects were selected. For each dental cast, four types of bracket placement were compared: labial direct (LbD), labial indirect (LbI), lingual direct (LgD),(More)
INTRODUCTION The common protocol of a week-long duration of elastomeric separators to facilitate band placement usually causes discomfort. In this study, we examined the minimum separation time required to create an interproximal space >0.16 mm (band thickness), the interproximal changes over 24 hours after separator removal, and the mechanical(More)