Moshe Brand

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—Integrating humans and robotic machines into one system offers multiple opportunities for creating assistive technologies that can be used in biomedical, industrial, and aerospace applications. The scope of the present research is to study the integration of a human arm with a powered exoskeleton (orthotic device) and its experimental implementation in an(More)
The human arm including the shoulder, elbow, wrist joints and exclusion scapular motion has 7 Degrees of Freedom (DOF) while positioning of the wrist in space and orientating the palm is a task that requires 6 DOF. As such it includes one more DOF than is needed to complete the task. Given the redundant nature of the arm, multiple arm configurations can be(More)
—The human arm may be considered to be a redundant mechanism given a pointing task. As a result, multiple arm configurations can be used to complete a pointing task in which the tip of the index finger is brought to a preselected point in space. A kinematic model of the human arm with four degrees of freedom (DOF) and the synthesis of two criteria were(More)
It has been suggested that decreased tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) availability may be a useful tool for limiting excessive nitric oxide (NO) formation. In order to test this hypothesis we utilised cultured astrocytes derived from the brain of the hph-1 (BH4 deficient) mouse. In response to treatment with lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma (LPS/gammaIFN)(More)
The hph-1 mouse which displays tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency and impaired dopamine and serotonin turnover, has been used to study cofactor replacement therapy for disorders causing brain tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency. Subcutaneous administration of 100 mumol/kg (30 mg/kg) of tetrahydrobiopterin resulted in a twofold increase in brain cofactor(More)
This paper presents a numerical analysis of the hemodynamics in an abdominal aorta (AA) with an aneurysm repaired by a stent graft (SG) system using the chimney technique. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were conducted in a model of an AA repaired with a chimney stent graft (CSG) inserted into a renal artery parallel to an aortic SG and a(More)
INTRODUCTION Restenosis is strongly attributed to stresses caused by stent-artery interactions generated in the artery after balloon angioplasty. Numerical methods are often used to examine the stent-artery mechanical interactions. To overcome the extensive computational requirements demanded by these simulations, simplifications are needed. OBJECTIVE We(More)
Nitric oxide (NO.) has been implicated in the process of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. We have examined the production of NO., as reflected by nitrite (NO2-) + nitrate (NO3-) accumulation, from synaptosomes isolated from neonatal or adult rat brain and subjected to a period of glucose and oxygen deprivation. There was a significant increase in the(More)
In this study, the effect of tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency on the nitric oxide/cGMP pathway has been investigated in cerebellar slices derived from the hph-1 mouse. This animal displays a partial deficiency of tetrahydrobiopterin. Basal levels of cGMP were significantly reduced (-29.5%) in the hph-1 mouse cerebellum compared to controls. Following kainate(More)
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