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Integrating humans and robotic machines into one system offers multiple opportunities for creating assistive technologies that can be used in biomedical, industrial, and aerospace applications. The scope of the present research is to study the integration of a human arm with a powered exoskeleton (orthotic device) and its experimental implementation in an(More)
The human arm including the shoulder, elbow, wrist joints and exclusion scapular motion has 7 Degrees of Freedom (DOF) while positioning of the wrist in space and orientating the palm is a task that requires 6 DOF. As such it includes one more DOF than is needed to complete the task. Given the redundant nature of the arm, multiple arm configurations can be(More)
Cerebral emboli originating in the ascending aorta are a major cause of noncardiac complications following cardiac surgery. The hemodynamics of the aortic cannula has been proven to play a significant role in emboli generation and distribution. The aim of the current study was to perform a thorough numerical investigation in order to examine the effect of(More)
The human arm may be considered to be a redundant mechanism given a pointing task. As a result, multiple arm configurations can be used to complete a pointing task in which the tip of the index finger is brought to a preselected point in space. A kinematic model of the human arm with four degrees of freedom (DOF) and the synthesis of two criteria were(More)
INTRODUCTION Restenosis is strongly attributed to stresses caused by stent-artery interactions generated in the artery after balloon angioplasty. Numerical methods are often used to examine the stent-artery mechanical interactions. To overcome the extensive computational requirements demanded by these simulations, simplifications are needed. OBJECTIVE We(More)
An analytical approach for the mechanical interaction of the self-expanding Cardiocoil stent with the stenosed artery is presented. The damage factor as the contact stress at the stent-artery interface is determined. The stent is considered as an elastic helical rod having a nonlinear pressure-displacement dependence, while the artery is modeled by an(More)
The generation of emboli during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is profoundly affected by the hemodynamic properties of the aortic cannula used in the current study. The aim of the current work was to numerically investigate the hemodynamic efficiency and feasibility of a novel, backward suction cannula (BSC), designed to drastically reduce the potential risk(More)
Meat derived from three genotypes of ostrich, resulting from breeding South African Black (Black) ostriches and Zimbabwean Blue (Blue) ostriches as well as their hybrid, was analysed for physical and sensory quality. Ostriches of a commercially standard slaughter age of 14 months, raised under the same environment were used. The pH(24) was the highest in(More)
This paper presents a numerical analysis of the hemodynamics in an abdominal aorta (AA) with an aneurysm repaired by a stent graft (SG) system using the chimney technique. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were conducted in a model of an AA repaired with a chimney stent graft (CSG) inserted into a renal artery parallel to an aortic SG and a(More)
The Superficial Femoral Artery (SFA) is the longest section of the femoropopliteal artery and can reach a length of 28-32 cm. Multiple stenoses can occur along its length. In such cases, two or three overlapping stents are inserted into the artery. Stent overlapping significantly increases the risk of stent fracture. Following restenosis, the procedure can(More)
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