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In this article the relationships among firing rate, probability of firing and counts per bin are examined. It is suggested that PSTHs, autocorrelations and crosscorrelations of neuronal activity should all be expressed in units of firing rates (spikes/s), since the values obtained by such scaling are independent of bin size and of total time of(More)
There are two views as to the character of basal-ganglia processing - processing by segregated parallel circuits or by information sharing. To distinguish between these views, we studied the simultaneous activity of neurons in the output stage of the basal ganglia with cross-correlation techniques. The firing of neurons in the globus pallidus of normal(More)
1. A particular firing pattern among simultaneously observed neurons represents a particular sequence of activity. If any multineuron pattern repeats significantly more than expected by chance, we may be observing a repeated state of a neural assembly as it processes similar units of information. 2. We present here an algorithm that rapidly finds all single(More)
It is possible that brain cortical function is mediated by dynamic modulation of coherent firing in groups of neurons. Indeed, a correlation of firing between cortical neurons, seen following sensory stimuli or during motor behaviour, has been described. However, the time course of modifications of correlation in relation to behaviour was not evaluated(More)
1. Activity of up to 10 single units was recorded in parallel from frontal areas of behaving monkeys. 2. Spatiotemporal firing patterns were revealed by a method that detects all excessively repeating patterns regardless of their complexity or single-unit composition. 3. Excess of repeating patterns was found in 30-60% of the cases examined when timing(More)
Previous studies have shown that intracortical activity can be used to operate prosthetic devices such as an artificial limb. Previously used neuronal signals were either the activity of tens to hundreds of spiking neurons, which are difficult to record for long periods of time, or local field potentials, which are highly correlated with each other. Here,(More)
The study was designed to reveal occurrences of precise firing sequences (PFSs) in cortical activity and to test their behavioral relevance. Two monkeys were trained to perform a delayed-response paradigm and to open puzzle boxes. Extracellular activity was recorded from neurons in premotor and prefrontal areas with an array of six microelectrodes. An(More)
A model was constructed of the relations between the incoming excitatory postsynaptic potentials and inhibitory postsynaptic potentials to the intracellular membrane potential fluctuations and to the firing rate of a single neuron. From this model, the strength of synapses was assessed in two ways: 1) the ability of several synchronous presynaptic spikes to(More)
Parallel recordings of spike trains of several single cortical neurons in behaving monkeys were analyzed as a hidden Markov process. The parallel spike trains were considered as a multivariate Poisson process whose vector firing rates change with time. As a consequence of this approach, the complete recording can be segmented into a sequence of a few(More)
Correlated neural activity has been observed at various signal levels (e.g., spike count, membrane potential, local field potential, EEG, fMRI BOLD). Most of these signals can be considered as superpositions of spike trains filtered by components of the neural system (synapses, membranes) and the measurement process. It is largely unknown how the spike(More)