Learn More
Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidases (gamma-GTs) catalyze the transfer of the gamma-glutamyl moiety of glutathione and related gamma-glutamyl amides to water (hydrolysis) or to amino acids and peptides (transpeptidation) and play a key role in glutathione metabolism. Recently, gamma-GTs have been considered attractive pharmaceutical targets for cancer and useful(More)
Two strains (O(alpha) and X(2)) of the hyperthermophilic crenarchaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus strain MT4 were selected and isolated for their ability to grow on xylan. O(alpha) and X(2), grown on media containing oat spelt xylan and birchwood xylan as the sole nutrient source, respectively, produced the same thermostable xylanase that was demonstrated to be(More)
Sulfolobus solfataricus strain Oalpha was previously isolated for its ability to grow on minimal medium supplemented with xylan as a carbon source. The strain exhibited thermostable xylanase activity but several attempts to identify the gene encoding for the activity failed. Further studies showed that the xylanase displayed activity on(More)
A genomic library of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus strain MT4 was constructed in Escherichia coli using a cloning vector not designed for heterologous gene expression. One positive clone exhibiting acquired thermophilic acetylesterase activity was directly detected by an in situ plate assay using a colony staining procedure with the(More)
γ-Glutamyltranspeptidase (γ-GT) is an ubiquitous enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of γ-glutamyl bonds in glutathione and glutamine and the transfer of the released γ-glutamyl group to amino acids or short peptides. γ-GTs from extremophiles, bacteria adapted to live in hostile environments, were selected as model systems to study the molecular(More)
The gene encoding a novel alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) that belongs to the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR) superfamily was identified in the extremely thermophilic, halotolerant gram-negative eubacterium Thermus thermophilus HB27. The T. thermophilus ADH gene (adh(Tt)) was heterologously overexpressed in Escherichia coli, and the protein (ADH(Tt))(More)
Organophosphates are the largest class of known insecticides, several of which are potent nerve agents. Consequently, organophosphate-degrading enzymes are of great scientific interest as bioscavengers and biodecontaminants. Recently, a hyperthermophilic phosphotriesterase (known as SsoPox), from the Archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus, has been isolated and(More)
The phosphotriesterase PTE, identified in the soil bacterium Pseudomonas diminuta, is thought to have evolved in the last several decades to degrade the pesticide paraoxon with proficiency approaching the limit of substrate diffusion (k(cat)/K(M) of 4 x 10(7)M(-1)s(-1)). It belongs to the amidohydrolase superfamily, but its evolutionary origin remains(More)
The gene encoding a novel alcohol dehydrogenase that belongs to the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDRs) superfamily was identified in the aerobic thermoacidophilic crenarchaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius strain DSM 639. The saadh gene was heterologously overexpressed in Escherichia coli, and the protein (SaADH) was purified to homogeneity and(More)