Learn More
The Mini-Chromosome Maintenance (MCM) proteins are candidates of replicative DNA helicase in eukarya and archaea. Here we report a 2.8 A crystal structure of the N-terminal domain (residues 1-268) of the Sulfolobus solfataricus MCM (Sso MCM) protein. The structure reveals single-hexameric ring-like architecture, at variance from the protein of(More)
The gene Mi-1 confers effective resistance in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) against root-knot nematodes and some isolates of potato aphid. This locus was introgressed from L. peruvianum into the corresponding region on chromosome 6 in tomato. In nematode-resistant tomato, Mi-1 and six homologs are grouped into two clusters separated by 300 kb. Analysis(More)
Evolutionary studies in plant and animal breeding are aimed at understanding the structure and organization of genetic variations of species. We have identified and characterized a genomic sequence in Phaseolus vulgaris of 1,200 bp (PvSHP1) that is homologous to SHATTERPROOF-1 (SHP1), a gene involved in control of fruit shattering in Arabidopsis thaliana.(More)
A genomic library of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus strain MT4 was constructed in Escherichia coli using a cloning vector not designed for heterologous gene expression. One positive clone exhibiting acquired thermophilic acetylesterase activity was directly detected by an in situ plate assay using a colony staining procedure with the(More)
Many Archaea live under conditions that challenge the physico-chemical limits to life: low or high temperature, extremes of pH, elevated pressure and high salt concentration. A recent paper reports the genome sequence of another record-setting archaeon, Picrophilus torridus, that thrives at 65 degrees C and pH 0. The genomic sequence provides several hints(More)
Starch is, after cellulose, one of the most abundant polysaccharides produced by plants and is composed of amylose (15%–25%) and amylopectin (75%–85%). Amylose is a linear molecule consisting of 1,4-linked α-d-glucopyranose residues. Amylopectin is a branched polymer and contains α-1,6 glycosidic linkages in addition to the α-1,4 bonds. The hydrolysis of(More)
A new gene from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus MT4, coding for a putative protein reported to show sequence identity with the phosphotriesterase-related protein family (PHP), was cloned by means of the polymerase chain reaction from the S. solfataricus genomic DNA. In order to analyse the biochemical properties of the protein an(More)
A mutated version of the hygromycin B phosphotransferase (hph mut ) gene from Escherichia coli, isolated by directed evolution at 75°C in transformants of a thermophilic strain of Sulfolobus solfataricus, was characterized with respect to its genetic stability in both the original mesophilic and the new thermophilic hosts. This gene was demonstrated to be(More)
Protein disulfide oxidoreductases are ubiquitous redox enzymes that catalyse dithiol-disulfide exchange reactions with a CXXC sequence motif at their active site. A disulfide oxidoreductase, a highly thermostable protein, was isolated from Pyrococcus furiosus (PfPDO), which is characterized by two redox sites (CXXC) and an unusual molecular mass. Its 3D(More)
Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidases (gamma-GTs) catalyze the transfer of the gamma-glutamyl moiety of glutathione and related gamma-glutamyl amides to water (hydrolysis) or to amino acids and peptides (transpeptidation) and play a key role in glutathione metabolism. Recently, gamma-GTs have been considered attractive pharmaceutical targets for cancer and useful(More)