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Eyes of adult albino rabbits were injected intracamerally with either normal saline or anticoagulated human sickle cell blood to study the effect of hyperbaric oxygen administration on sickle cell hyphema. The administration of two atmospheres of 100% oxygen for 2 hr to the rabbits raised the pO2 of the aqueous humor from a baseline value of 63.5 +/- 12.3(More)
In a patient with clinical features of both myoclonus epilepsy ragged-red fibers (MERRF) and Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS), we identified a novel guanine-to-adenine mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation at nucleotide 3255 (G3255A) of the tRNA(Leu(UUR)) gene. Approximately 5% of the skeletal muscle fibers had excessive mitochondria by succinate dehydrogenase(More)
There is electrophysiologic evidence that photoreceptors have normal visual pigment density (outer segment length) at a stage of ocular siderosis when the photoreceptor membrane function is defective. The early receptor potentials (ERPs) from two patients showed normal amplitudes, although the electroretinograms (ERGs) had reduced a- and b-waves for both(More)
Vascular remodeling is a complex process critical to development of the mature vascular system. Astrocytes are known to be indispensable for initial formation of the retinal vasculature; our studies with the Nuc1 rat provide novel evidence that these cells are also essential in the retinal vascular remodeling process. Nuc1 is a spontaneous mutation in the(More)
PURPOSE A new method, laser-targeted photoocclusion, was developed to occlude choroidal neovascularization while minimizing damage to the overlying retina. The ability to occlude normal choriocapillary layer in rats was evaluated as a first test of the feasibility of treating choroidal neovascularization with this method. METHOD A photosensitive agent,(More)
The sickle hemoglobin is an abnormal hemoglobin due to point mutation (GAG → GTG) in exon 1 of the β globin gene resulting in the substitution of glutamic acid by valine at position 6 of the β globin polypeptide chain. Although the molecular lesion is a single-point mutation, the sickle gene is pleiotropic in nature causing multiple phenotypic expressions(More)
Brainstem auditory evoked response studies were carried out on 105 neonates, with gestational ages ranging from 26 to 43 weeks. The mean chronologic and postconception ages of the subjects were 6.5 weeks and 40.6 weeks, respectively. Statistically significant relationships between brainstem auditory evoked response and gestational age, postconception age(More)
The retina serves as an excellent model in which to study vertebrate CNS development. We have discovered a spontaneous mutation in the Sprague-Dawley rat that results in a novel and unusual ocular phenotype, including retinal abnormalities, that we have named Nuc1. We have previously shown that the Nuc1 mutation appears to suppress programmed cell death in(More)
PURPOSE The rat has been used to generate models of various eye diseases. However, methods to study the choriocapillaris noninvasively have been inadequate in this species. Laser-targeted angiography was applied to generate local, repetitive angiograms of the choriocapillaris in the rat and to assess the similarity between the choriocapillaris of the rat(More)
Previously we reported the novel observation that astrocytes ensheath the persistent hyaloid artery, both in the Nuc1 spontaneous mutant rat, and in human PFV (persistent fetal vasculature) disease (Developmental Dynamics 234:36-47, 2005). We now show that astrocytes isolated from both the optic nerve and retina of Nuc1 rats migrate faster than wild type(More)