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We evaluated the resting electroencephalogram (EEG) of 50 first-episode schizophrenia patients and 55 of their relatives, 31 first-episode bipolar patients and 35 of their relatives, and 113 nonpsychiatric subjects and 42 of their relatives. The frequency characteristics of the EEG showed moderate stability for a subgroup of these subjects (n = 106) who(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigated the clinical and biological concomitants of electroencephalogram power abnormalities in schizophrenia. METHODS We examined the power characteristics of resting electroencephalograms in 112 schizophrenic patients. Also collected were measures of psychotic symptomatology, brain morphology, ocular motor functioning,(More)
We examined the frequency characteristics of the electroencephalogram (EEG) in 102 schizophrenic patients (44 first-episode and 58 chronic patients) and 102 normal comparison subjects. EEGs of schizophrenic patients had more delta (1-3 Hz) and theta (3.125-8 Hz) activity and less alpha (8.125-13 Hz) activity than normal comparison subjects. There were no(More)
We evaluated the temporal stability of smooth-pursuit eye tracking in 38 schizophrenic, 42 nonschizophrenic psychotic (bipolar, depressive, paranoid psychotic, and schizophreniform), and 49 normal subjects. Pursuit performance was evaluated on two testing occasions separated by approximately 9.5 months. Retest reliability coefficients of root mean square(More)
We evaluated the handedness of 58 schizophrenia patients and 54 of their relatives, 23 patients with major depression with psychosis and 24 of their relatives, 36 patients with bipolar psychosis and 33 of their relatives, and 119 nonpsychiatric subjects and 42 of their relatives. Computerized tomography measures were also available for a subset of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine optimal doses of haloperidol for the treatment of a first episode of psychosis. METHOD A 4-week prospective controlled clinical trial with "optimal dose" defined as the dose at which either of the following occurs: 1) significant improvement, defined as a 15% or greater decrease in scores on the Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale(More)
BACKGROUND Prior research suggested that time splitting--suppressing the past and dissociating it from present and future--protected refugee mental health in the aftermath of catastrophe. The current study investigates temporal reintegration, defined as cognitive recapture of the past and reconnecting it with present and future, the mental health effects of(More)
One hundred eighteen psychiatric patients, each experiencing his or her first lifetime episode of psychosis, 125 of their first-degree relatives, and 155 normal subjects were assessed using the physical anhedonia, social anhedonia, and perceptual aberration scales of Chapman et al. (1976, 1978). We hypothesized that psychotic subjects would obtain higher(More)
It is not known whether the magnitude of the structural brain abnormalities that underlie schizophrenia is a determinant of the extent to which patients respond to antipsychotic medication. This study was undertaken in order to explore this relationship. Twenty-six patients receiving treatment for a first episode of psychosis were involved in both a study(More)
OBJECTIVE To date, the literature has provided no standardized, replicable method for establishing illness onset. The authors describe a method for dating the first appearance of prodromal signs of psychotic illness, the emergence of an acute episode, and the initiation of treatment seeking. METHOD Using reports by family and friends about a sample of 141(More)