Mortimer M. Civan

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1. The contraction kinetics of single striated muscle fibres and small fibre bundles from the frog and the toad were measured when the load was changed from P(0) to L < P(0). Simultaneous recordings were made of displacement at one end and force at the other end of the preparation.2. After the load was changed, the contractile force generally reached a(More)
Purines can modify ciliary epithelial secretion of aqueous humor into the eye. The source of the purinergic agonists acting in the ciliary epithelium, as in many epithelial tissues, is unknown. We found that the fluorescent ATP marker quinacrine stained rabbit and bovine ciliary epithelia but not the nerve fibers in the ciliary bodies. Cultured bovine(More)
Recognition of sweet, bitter and umami tastes requires the non-vesicular release from taste bud cells of ATP, which acts as a neurotransmitter to activate afferent neural gustatory pathways. However, how ATP is released to fulfil this function is not fully understood. Here we show that calcium homeostasis modulator 1 (CALHM1), a voltage-gated ion channel,(More)
Hypertonicity of the mucosal bathing medium increases the electrical conductance of toad urinary bladder by osmotic distension of the epithelial “tight” or limiting junctions. However, toad urine is not normally hypertonic to plasma. In this study, the transmural osmotic gradient was varied strictly within the physiologic range; initially hypotonic mucosal(More)
Swelling activates and protein kinase C (PKC) downregulates Cl- channels in cultured nonpigmented ciliary epithelial (NPE) cells. We now report that the PKC inhibitor staurosporine upregulates whole cell Cl- currents isosmotically. The kinetics and current-voltage relationship are similar to those of volume-activated Cl- channels of these cells. These(More)
PURPOSE The authors identify the signaling pathways for the regulatory volume decrease (RVD) of nonpigmented ciliary epithelial (NPE) cells. The RVD is a regulatory response triggered by swelling and reflecting KCl release by NPE cells. METHODS The cell volumes of human nonpigmented ciliary epithelial cells were measured in suspension by electronic cell(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the Na+-K+-2Cl- symport or the parallel Na+/H+ and Cl-/HCO3- antiports provide the dominant pathway for NaCl uptake into the ciliary epithelium. Both pathways are known to support NaCl entry from the stroma into the pigmented ciliary epithelial (PE) cells, after which Na+ and Cl- diffuse across the gap junctions into the(More)
Vasopressin increases the net transport of sodium across the isolated urinary bladder of the toad by increasing the mobility of sodium ion within the tissue. This change is reflected in a decreased DC resistance of the bladder; identification of the permeability barrier which is affected localizes the site of action of vasopressin on sodium transport. Cells(More)
  • M M Civan
  • The American journal of physiology
  • 1978
The intracellular contents of Na+ and K+ appear to modulate a variety of cellular and tissue functions, including transepithelial transport. However these total ionic contents appear to consist of heterogeneous populations of Na+ and K+. No more than a few percent of intracellular Na+ and K+ appear bound. Thus, the heterogeneity of the intracellular ionic(More)