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INTRODUCTION Diabetes is one of the most common endocrine disorders characterized by hyperglycemia due to defects in insulin secretion, insulin function, or both. Causing dysfunction in the body general metabolism, diabetes-induced chronic hyperglycemia leads to alterations in those endocrine glands involved in regulating the body metabolism. In this line,(More)
AIM In addition to learning and memory impairments, diabetes may also brings about neuronal loss in different regions of the brain specially hippocampus. In this line, the present study was conducted to investigate the effects of type I (T1D) and type II (T2D) diabetes on cognitive function and hippocampal neuronal density in rat. METHODS Three groups of(More)
Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is common disorder that represents more than 3 % of all traumatic injury cases. One type of PNI, sciatic nerve injury, leads to considerable motoneuron dysfunction. Because Riluzole is clinically approved for the treatment of motoneuron disease, we evaluated whether Riluzole treatment could enhance the nerve regeneration(More)
in turn, triggers free radical formation and multiple pathways leading to the initiation of apoptotic-like damage (1,5). Therefore, glutamate excitotoxicity is an attractive therapeutic target for attenuation of neural tissue damage (13,32). Hence, NMDA receptor antagonists could potentially provide neuroprotective effects in several neurodegenerative(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of hydro-alcoholic extract of Launaea acanthodes, a blood glucose lowering plant in folk medicine of Iran, on the structure of seminiferous tubules and serum gonadotropin and testosterone levels in hyperglycemic rats. METHODS Twenty-four Wistar rats were randomly allocated into 4 groups (n=6): control, streptozotocin(More)
A traditional belief in Iranian culture indicates that parental consumption of chicory leaves (Chicorium intybus L.) affects the gender of newborns. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of aqueous extract of chicory on offspring sex ratio in rat. All rats in experimental groups 1 and 2 were i.p. injected with either 1.0 or 0.7 g/kg body(More)
Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), which is the most common type of bladder cancer, shows resistance to chemotherapeutic agents due to the overexpression of drug efflux pumps. In this study, the effects of feselol, a sesquiterpene coumarin extracted from Ferula badrakema, on cisplatin cytotoxicity were investigated in 5637 cells, a TCC subline. Cell(More)
BACKGROUND Usual dosage of morphine (10 mg/kg) induces analgesia and ultra-low dose (ULD) of morphine (1 µg/kg); hyperalgesia, and C-fibers are also bearing µ-opioid receptors; here the importance of C-fibers on pain and morphine induced analgesia/hyperalgesia is questioned and investigated using pain evaluation methods and infant capsaicin treating for(More)
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