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INTRODUCTION Diabetes is one of the most common endocrine disorders characterized by hyperglycemia due to defects in insulin secretion, insulin function, or both. Causing dysfunction in the body general metabolism, diabetes-induced chronic hyperglycemia leads to alterations in those endocrine glands involved in regulating the body metabolism. In this line,(More)
AIM In addition to learning and memory impairments, diabetes may also brings about neuronal loss in different regions of the brain specially hippocampus. In this line, the present study was conducted to investigate the effects of type I (T1D) and type II (T2D) diabetes on cognitive function and hippocampal neuronal density in rat. METHODS Three groups of(More)
in turn, triggers free radical formation and multiple pathways leading to the initiation of apoptotic-like damage (1,5). Therefore, glutamate excitotoxicity is an attractive therapeutic target for attenuation of neural tissue damage (13,32). Hence, NMDA receptor antagonists could potentially provide neuroprotective effects in several neurodegenerative(More)
BACKGROUND Usual dosage of morphine (10 mg/kg) induces analgesia and ultra-low dose (ULD) of morphine (1 µg/kg); hyperalgesia, and C-fibers are also bearing µ-opioid receptors; here the importance of C-fibers on pain and morphine induced analgesia/hyperalgesia is questioned and investigated using pain evaluation methods and infant capsaicin treating for(More)
Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), which is the most common type of bladder cancer, shows resistance to chemotherapeutic agents due to the overexpression of drug efflux pumps. In this study, the effects of feselol, a sesquiterpene coumarin extracted from Ferula badrakema, on cisplatin cytotoxicity were investigated in 5637 cells, a TCC subline. Cell(More)
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