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We have compared the activation and trafficking of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) induced by UV light and EGF. Tyrosine phosphorylation of EGFR was not detected in UV-exposed cells by immunoblotting of whole cell lysates or EGFR immunoprecipitates with antibodies specific for each of the five activated autophosphorylation sites of EGFR. In(More)
The RING finger type E3 ubiquitin ligase, Cbl-b, is abundantly expressed in bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) and functions as a potent negative regulator of signalling responses from the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcvarepsilonRI). To determine the contribution of Cbl-b E3 ligase activity we generated knockin mice with a loss-of-function mutation in(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in tissue damage causing primary hepatic dysfunction following ischemia/reperfusion injury and during inflammatory liver diseases. A potential role of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) as a mediator of survival signals during oxidative stress was investigated in primary cultures of hepatocytes exposed(More)
Smad anchor for receptor activation (SARA or ZFYVE9) has been proposed to mediate transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling by direct interaction with the non-activated Smad proteins and the TGF-β receptors; however, these findings are controversial. We demonstrate no correlation between SARA expression and the levels of TGF-β-induced phosphorylation(More)
Dasatinib inhibits B-cell receptor-Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homologue 1, Src, and other tyrosine kinases. Few studies have addressed the impact of dasatinib on normal blood cells, especially in vivo. Here we show that dasatinib leads to a reduced number of human CD19+ peripheral B cells owing to a strong induction of apoptosis. In contrast, no(More)
The rapid internalization of receptor tyrosine kinases after ligand binding has been assumed to be a negative modulation of signal transduction. However, accumulating data indicate that signal transduction from internalized cell surface receptors also occurs from endosomes. We show that a substantial fraction of tyrosine-phosphorylated epidermal growth(More)
In the present study, we examined EGF-induced internalization, degradation and trafficking of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutated at serines 1046, 1047, 1057 and 1142 located in its cytoplasmic carboxy-terminal region. We found the serine-mutated EGFR to be inhibited in EGF-induced internalization and degradation in NIH3T3 cells. We(More)
Minutes comprise > 50 phenotypically similar mutations scattered throughout the genome of Drosophila, many of which are identified as mutations in ribosomal protein (rp) genes. Common traits of the Minute phenotype are short and thin bristles, slow development, and recessive lethality. By mobilizing a P element inserted in the 5' UTR of M(3)95A, the gene(More)
PURPOSE Exosomes are small (30- to 100-nm) vesicles secreted by all cell types in culture and found in most body fluids. A mean of 1 mL of blood serum, derived from healthy donors, contains approximately 10(12) exosomes. Depending on the disease, the number of exosomes can fluctuate. Concentration of exosomes in the bloodstream and all other body fluids is(More)
In this study, we provide novel insight into the mechanism of how ERK2 can be sorted to different intracellular compartments and thereby mediate different responses. MEK1-activated ERK2 accumulated in the nucleus and induced proliferation. Conversely, MEK2-activated ERK2 was retained in the cytoplasm and allowed survival. Localization was a determinant for(More)