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The influence of endothelin 1 on isometrically contracting human atrial muscle strip preparations was investigated under physiological conditions (37°C, 1 Hz, Ca2+ 2.5 mM). Endothelin dose-dependently increased isometric tension from 3×10−10M to 1×10−7M. At 1×10−7M the inotropic effect of endothelin was maximum with isometric tension being increased by(More)
There is accumulating evidence that disturbed calcium homeostasis may play a key role in the pathophysiology of human heart failure. Because disturbed calcium handling could result from altered protein expression, levels of calcium handling proteins were quantitated by Western Blot analysis in failing and nonfailing human myocardium from hearts with(More)
The data presented indicate that altered systolic and diastolic function in failing human hearts may result from altered expression of calcium cycling proteins. Decreased systolic force production and inversion of the force-frequency relation seem to be related to reduced protein levels of SR Ca2+ ATPase and/or to increased protein levels of the Na+-Ca2+(More)
Adverse effects of cDNA and oligonucleotide delivery methods have not yet been systematically analyzed. We introduce a protocol to monitor toxic effects of two non-viral lipid-based gene delivery protocols using CNS primary tissue. Cell membrane damage was monitored by quantifying cellular uptake of propidium iodide and release of cytosolic lactate(More)
Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is the most common form of acute viral encephalitis in industrialized countries. Type I interferon (IFN) is important for control of herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) in the central nervous system (CNS). Here we show that microglia are the main source of HSV-induced type I IFN expression in CNS cells and these cytokines are(More)
OBJECTIVE To show the possible effect of left- and right-side total hip arthroplasty (THA) on the ability to perform an emergency stop when driving a car. DESIGN Inception cohort. SETTING A driving simulator using an actual car cabin, specifically developed for the experiment, was used for testing driving ability. PARTICIPANTS Patients (N=40; 20(More)
The classic concept of stem cell differentiation can be illustrated as driving into a series of one-way streets, where a given stem cell through generations of daughter cells becomes correspondingly restricted and committed towards a definitive lineage with fully differentiated cells as end points. According to this concept, tissue-derived adult stem cells(More)
Myocardial function, intracellular calcium and levels of calcium cycling proteins were analyzed in failing and nonfailing human myocardium. Myocardial function was evaluated by the isometric force-frequency relation, and intracellular calcium was studied by aequorin light emission. When stimulation frequency was increased above 30 min−1, there was a(More)
Here, we describe the generation of viable and dopamine-producing neurons derived from pluripotent mouse embryonic stem cells. Neurotrophic factors in combination with survival-promoting factors, such as interleukin-1beta, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, neurturin, transforming growth factor-beta(3) and dibutyryl-cyclic AMP, significantly(More)
Slices of developing brain tissue can be grown for several weeks as so-called organotypic slice cultures. Here we summarize and review studies using hippocampal slice cultures to investigate mechanisms and treatment strategies for the neurodegenerative disorders like stroke (cerebral ischemia), Alzheimer's disease (AD) and epilepsia. Studies of(More)