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BACKGROUND Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) [corrected] is widely used for fluid resuscitation in intensive care units (ICUs), but its safety and efficacy have not been established in patients with severe sepsis. METHODS In this multicenter, parallel-group, blinded trial, we randomly assigned patients with severe sepsis to fluid resuscitation in the ICU with(More)
OBJECTIVE For patients in intensive care units, sepsis is a common and potentially deadly complication and prompt initiation of appropriate antimicrobial therapy improves prognosis. The objective of this trial was to determine whether a strategy of antimicrobial spectrum escalation, guided by daily measurements of the biomarker procalcitonin, could reduce(More)
BACKGROUND Physiological blood pressure (BP) fluctuations with frequencies >0.1 Hz can override renal blood flow autoregulation. The influence of such immediate changes in renal perfusion pressure (RPP) on daily BP regulation, eg, via shear stress-stimulated liberation of renal endothelial NO, however, is unknown. Thus, we studied the effects of such RPP(More)
The aim of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to test the effectiveness of a post-ICU recovery program compared to standard care during the first year after ICU discharge. A pragmatic, non-blinded, multicenter, parallel-group RCT was conducted between December 2012 and December 2015, at ten intensive care units (ICUs) in Denmark. We randomly(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the long term effects of perioperative beta blockade on mortality and cardiac morbidity in patients with diabetes undergoing major non-cardiac surgery. DESIGN Randomised placebo controlled and blinded multicentre trial. Analyses were by intention to treat. SETTING University anaesthesia and surgical centres and one coordinating(More)
Endothelial damage contributes to organ failure and mortality in sepsis, but the extent of the contribution remains poorly quantified. Here, we examine the association between biomarkers of superficial and profound endothelial damage (syndecan-1 and soluble thrombomodulin [sTM], respectively), organ failure, and death in sepsis. The data from a clinical(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore whether a strategy of more intensive antibiotic therapy leads to emergence or prolongation of renal failure in intensive care patients. DESIGN Secondary analysis from a randomised antibiotic strategy trial (the Procalcitonin And Survival Study). The randomised arms were conserved from the primary trial for the main analysis. (More)
Body fluid homeostasis was investigated during chronic bed rest (BR) and compared with that of acute supine conditions. The hypothesis was tested that 6 degrees head-down BR leads to hypovolemia, which activates antinatriuretic mechanisms so that the renal responses to standardized saline loading are attenuated. Isotonic (20 ml/kg body wt) and hypertonic(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency abdominal surgery carries a 15% to 20% short-term mortality rate. Postoperative medical complications are strongly associated with increased mortality. Recent research suggests that timely recognition and effective management of complications may reduce mortality. The aim of the present trial is to evaluate the effect of postoperative(More)
INTRODUCTION Nitric oxide (NO) likely plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Arginine is a substrate for NO, whereas the methylated arginines-asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA)-are endogenous by-products of proteolysis that inhibit NO production.We investigated if high-plasma levels of ADMA, SDMA, and(More)