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The interaction between dental pulp derived mesenchymal stem cells (DP-MSCs) and three different tantalum nanotopographies with and without a fibronectin coating is examined: sputter-coated tantalum surfaces with low surface roughness <0.2 nm, hut-nanostructured surfaces with a height of 2.9 +/- 0.6 nm and a width of 35 +/- 8 nm, and dome structures with a(More)
In this study, the experimental techniques scanning electron microscopy (SEM) including energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) have been exploited to characterize the organization of large molecules and nanocrystallites in and around the neurocentral growth plate (NGP) of a pig(More)
Bone sections including either titanium or porous tantalum implant devices used for interbody spinal fusion were investigated with position-resolved small angle X-ray scattering (sSAXS). The samples were obtained from six-month-old pigs that had undergone surgery three months prior to sacrifice. The aim of the study was to explore the possibility of using(More)
Controlling cellular responses on biomaterial surfaces is crucial in biomedical applications such as tissue engineering and implantable prosthetics. Since cells encounter various nanoscale topographic features in their natural environment, it has been postulated that surface nanotopography may be an alternative route to fabricate biomaterials with a(More)
The quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) (Q-Sense AB, Sweden) has been established as a useful tool for evaluating interactions between various biological and non-biological systems, and there has been increasing interest in using the QCM-D technique for cell monitoring applications. This study investigated the potential of the QCM-D to(More)
We have used the glancing angle deposition (GLAD) method as a simple and fast method to generate nano-rough surfaces for protein adsorption experiments and cell assays. The surface roughness and the detailed geometrical surface morphology of the thin films were characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). As the(More)
The potential of embryonic stem (ES) cells for both self-renewal and differentiation into cells of all three germ layers has generated immense interest in utilizing these cells for tissue engineering or cell-based therapies. However, the ability to culture undifferentiated ES cells without the use of feeder cells as well as means to obtain homogeneous,(More)
In this study the adsorption characteristics and the structure of fibronectin adsorped on hydroxyapatite (Ha) and a reference gold substrate (Au) is examined by quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) at the following concentrations: 20 microg/mL, 30 microg/mL, 40 microg/mL, 100 microg/mL, 200 microg/mL, and(More)
Optimization of nonviral gene delivery typically focuses on the design of particulate carriers that are endowed with desirable membrane targeting, internalization, and endosomal escape properties. Topographical control of cell transfectability, however, remains a largely unexplored parameter. Emerging literature has highlighted the influence of(More)
Stem cells possess unique abilities as they can renew themselves for extended periods of time and have the capacity to differentiate into a variety of lineages. They hold promise for treating a plethora of diseases ranging from musculoskeletal defects to myocardial infarction and to neural disorders. Understanding how to control the fate decision of these(More)