Tele-centres offer a low cost opportunity for the many who cannot afford their own phone or Internet connection. This paper presents a field study of tele-centres in Ghana and analyses how they contribute to universal access.
participants in the WDR Dialogue and a variety of Conferences, Workshops and Seminars around the world over the period January-August 2002. This paper builds upon three background papers published earlier on the WDR The World Dialogue on Regulation for Network Economies (WDR) facilitates an international dialogue to generate and disseminate new knowledge on… (More)
The paper discusses and examines aspects of the speed, volume, kind, and organization of innovation in the telecom area in light of liberalization processes over the past 15-20 years, focusing particularly on the telecom service provision market. However, the interfaces between service operators and equipment manufacturers is also part of the analysis.… (More)
Introduction The use of technology is an important factor in the organisation of our society. When we speak of a model for the future society we often use the term the information society or the networked society. Information society and network society are not new concepts but have existed for many years (Machlup, 1962 and Nora & Minc, 1980). The reason… (More)
One of the most important issues in the debate on interconnect regulation has been use of forward looking costs for setting of interconnection charges. This debate has been ongoing within the EU as well as in US. This paper discusses the European experiences and in particular the Danish experiences with use of cost based interconnection charges, and their… (More)
Recent progress is presented from experiments on masses and lifetimes of bare and few-electron exotic nuclei at GSI. Relativistic rare isotopes produced via projectile fragmentation and fission were separated in flight by the fragment separator FRS and injected into the storage ring ESR. This worldwide unique experimental technique gives access to all… (More)
Exotic nuclei are produced via projectile fragmentation of different primary beams in beryllium targets placed at the entrance of the Fragment Separator (FRS). The fragments are spatially separated by the FRS, injected and stored in the Experimental Storage Ring (ESR) for direct mass measurements. Two complementary methods have been applied: 1 Schottky Mass… (More)