Morten Elholm

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Retinoic acid (RA) modulates transcription of numerous target genes, thereby regulating a myriad of biological processes. It is well established that RA functions by activating retinoic acid receptors (RARs), which, in turn, control cell differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. However, perplexing reports of diverse and sometime opposing actions of RA(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is a ligand-activated transcription factor and a key regulator of lipid homeostasis. Numerous fatty acids and eicosanoids serve as ligands and activators for PPARalpha. Here we demonstrate that S-hexadecyl-CoA, a nonhydrolyzable palmitoyl-CoA analog, antagonizes the effects of agonists on(More)
A detailed analysis of the subcellular distribution of acyl-CoA esters in rat liver revealed that significant amounts of long-chain acyl-CoA esters are present in highly purified nuclei. No contamination of microsomal or mitochondrial marker enzymes was detectable in the nuclear fraction. C16:1 and C18:3-CoA esters were the most abundant species, and thus,(More)
Acyl-CoA-binding protein (ACBP) is an ubiquitously expressed 10-kDa protein which is present in high amounts in cells involved in solute transport or secretion. Rat ACBP is encoded by a gene containing the typical hallmarks of a housekeeping gene. Analysis of the promoter region of the rat ACBP gene by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) revealed(More)
We introduced methyl or ethyl groups to the 2- or 3-position of the eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) molecule to investigate whether the branching of EPA could influence its hypolipidemic effect in rats. The most effective branching involved two methyl groups in the 2-position and one methyl group in the 3-position. These EPA derivatives increased hepatic(More)
Human thymidine kinase 2 (hTK2) phosphorylates pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides to the corresponding nucleoside monophosphates, using a nucleotide triphosphate as a phosphate donor. In this study, hTK2 was cloned and expressed at high levels in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with maltose-binding protein. Induction of a heat-shock response by ethanol(More)
1. We investigated the nature and roles of various xenobiotic acyl-CoA hydrolases in liver subcellular fractions from rat treated with sulphur-substituted (thia) fatty acids. To contribute to our understanding of factors influencing enzymes involved in the degradation of activated fatty acids, the effects on these activities of the oppositely acting thia(More)
Administration of the fatty acid analogue tetradecylthioacetic acid (TTA) to rodents up-regulates peroxisomal and mitochondrial lipid-metabolizing enzymes and induces a proliferation of these organelles in hepatocytes. We show here that male NMRI mice fed a diet containing 0.3% (w/w) TTA revealed a transient two-fold increase in the incorporation of(More)
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