Morris Schambelan

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BACKGROUND Cannabinoid use could potentially alter HIV RNA levels by two mechanisms: immune modulation or cannabinoid-protease inhibitor interactions (because both share cytochrome P-450 metabolic pathways). OBJECTIVE To determine the short-term effects of smoked marijuana on the viral load in HIV-infected patients. DESIGN Randomized,(More)
Liddle's syndrome (pseudoaldosteronism) is an autosomal dominant form of human hypertension characterized by a constellation of findings suggesting constitutive activation of the amiloride-sensitive distal renal epithelial sodium channel. We demonstrate complete linkage of the gene encoding the beta subunit of the epithelial sodium channel to Liddle's(More)
A consensus conference convened by the Society of Sarcopenia, Cachexia and Wasting Disorders has concluded that "Sarcopenia, ie, reduced muscle mass, with limited mobility" should be considered an important clinical entity and that most older persons should be screened for this condition. "Sarcopenia with limited mobility" is defined as a person with muscle(More)
OBJECTIVE Alterations in glucose and lipid metabolism, lactic acidemia, bone disorders, and abnormal body fat distribution have been recognized recently as frequent complications associated with HIV-1 infection and potent antiretroviral therapy, but limited data are available regarding the appropriate management of these disorders. These recommendations(More)
Angiotensin II exerts positive inotropic and chronotropic effects on the mammalian heart by binding to specific membrane receptors. Recently, two subtypes of angiotensin II receptors (AT1 and AT2) have been distinguished by using the nonpeptide antagonists losartan (previously known as DuP 753) and PD123177. To evaluate the tissue distribution and subtypes(More)
A cross-sectional study was performed in a group of dialysis patients and control subjects to identify the determinants of serum levels of leptin, the protein product of the obese (ob) gene. Twenty-eight patients on dialysis (19 patients on hemodialysis [HD] and nine patients on peritoneal dialysis [PD]) and 41 healthy control subjects were studied. For(More)
The microsomal enzyme acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT; EC 2.3.1.26) catalyzes the esterification of cellular cholesterol with fatty acids to form cholesterol esters. ACAT activity is found in many tissues, including macrophages, the adrenal glands, and the liver. In macrophages, ACAT is thought to participate in foam cell formation and thereby to(More)
Skeletal muscle remodeling is a critical component of an organism's response to environmental changes. Exercise causes structural changes in muscle and can induce phase shifts in circadian rhythms, fluctuations in physiology and behavior with a period of around 24 hours that are maintained by a core clock mechanism. Both exercise-induced remodeling and(More)
Although protease inhibitor (PI) therapy has improved the clinical status of patients with HIV infection, concerns have arisen that such treatment may have deleterious effects on glucose control, lipid metabolism, and body fat distribution. To determine whether initiation of PI therapy uniquely affects glucose and lipid metabolism, we analyzed paired data(More)
BACKGROUND Enlargement of the dorsocervical fat pad ("buffalo hump") has been reported in numerous HIV-1-infected patients. Some investigators have speculated that this finding is associated with protease-inhibitor treatment. METHODS Between June, 1995, and October, 1997, we studied eight HIV-1-infected men who had developed a buffalo hump while otherwise(More)