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Liddle's syndrome (pseudoaldosteronism) is an autosomal dominant form of human hypertension characterized by a constellation of findings suggesting constitutive activation of the amiloride-sensitive distal renal epithelial sodium channel. We demonstrate complete linkage of the gene encoding the beta subunit of the epithelial sodium channel to Liddle's(More)
BACKGROUND Cannabinoid use could potentially alter HIV RNA levels by two mechanisms: immune modulation or cannabinoid-protease inhibitor interactions (because both share cytochrome P-450 metabolic pathways). OBJECTIVE To determine the short-term effects of smoked marijuana on the viral load in HIV-infected patients. DESIGN Randomized,(More)
Angiotensin II exerts positive inotropic and chronotropic effects on the mammalian heart by binding to specific membrane receptors. Recently, two subtypes of angiotensin II receptors (AT1 and AT2) have been distinguished by using the nonpeptide antagonists losartan (previously known as DuP 753) and PD123177. To evaluate the tissue distribution and subtypes(More)
A consensus conference convened by the Society of Sarcopenia, Cachexia and Wasting Disorders has concluded that "Sarcopenia, ie, reduced muscle mass, with limited mobility" should be considered an important clinical entity and that most older persons should be screened for this condition. "Sarcopenia with limited mobility" is defined as a person with muscle(More)
OBJECTIVE Alterations in glucose and lipid metabolism, lactic acidemia, bone disorders, and abnormal body fat distribution have been recognized recently as frequent complications associated with HIV-1 infection and potent antiretroviral therapy, but limited data are available regarding the appropriate management of these disorders. These recommendations(More)
Angiotensin II is known to regulate motility and ion and water absorption in the intestine. These effects are presumed to be mediated by angiotensin II (ANG II) receptors that are present in both mucosal and muscular layers throughout the intestine. To evaluate tissue density and distribution of ANG II receptor subtypes (AT1 and AT2), we performed an in(More)
BACKGROUND Enlargement of the dorsocervical fat pad ("buffalo hump") has been reported in numerous HIV-1-infected patients. Some investigators have speculated that this finding is associated with protease-inhibitor treatment. METHODS Between June, 1995, and October, 1997, we studied eight HIV-1-infected men who had developed a buffalo hump while otherwise(More)
Angiotensin II initiates a variety of physiological effects in the kidney by binding to high-affinity receptors on plasma membranes. Recently, two subtypes of angiotensin II receptors have been distinguished on the basis of differences in signal transduction mechanisms, binding affinity to agonists and antagonists, and inhibition of binding by(More)
W ith successful antiretroviral therapy, patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are living longer; however, recent reports suggest increased rates of coronary heart disease (CHD) among HIV-infected patients , 1 and cardiovascular disease has become an important cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. 2 Increased CHD rates(More)