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BACKGROUND AND AIMS The case fatality rate from meningococcal disease (MD) has remained relatively unchanged in the post antibiotic era, with 20-50% of patients who develop shock still dying. In 1992 a new paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) specialising in MD was opened. Educational information was disseminated to local hospitals, and a specialist(More)
There is increasing evidence that the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) component of the vascular endothelium is important in regulating vascular permeability, thromboresistance and cellular interactions. We have investigated the GAG metabolism of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in response to a range of inflammatory stimuli. Using both(More)
We have studied the distribution and nature of sulphated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) within normal and inflamed intestine. There is increasing evidence that these negatively charged polysaccharides, which both regulate the ability of albumin to leave the vasculature and inhibit thrombosis, may be affected by inflammatory cells and their products. We obtained(More)
The pain experienced by patients with trigeminal, occipital, or postherpetic neuralgia is often severe, chronic, and difficult to treat. In this article, Drs Ashkenazi and Levin outline the pathologic mechanisms of pain in these common neuralgias and discuss individually tailored pharmacologic and surgical approaches to their treatment.
Neisseria meningitidis is remarkable for the diversity of interactions that the bacterium has with the human host, ranging from asymptomatic nasopharyngeal colonisation affecting virtually all members of the population; through focal infections of the meninges, joints, or eye; to the devastating and often fatal syndrome of meningococcal septic shock and(More)
We report 3 children with Goodpasture's syndrome. In 2 children the diagnosis was delayed, treatment began late, and they did not recover renal function. In the third child early diagnosis and intensive treatment with plasmapheresis, immunosuppression, and anticoagulation resulted in an initial return of renal function after a prolonged period of anuria. In(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic differences in immune responses may affect susceptibility to mycobacterial infection, but no specific genes have been implicated in humans. We studied four children who had an unexplained genetic susceptibility to mycobacterial infection and who appeared to have inherited the same recessive mutation from a common ancestor. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Impairment of the protein C anticoagulation pathway is critical to the thrombosis associated with sepsis and to the development of purpura fulminans in meningococcemia. We studied the expression of thrombomodulin and the endothelial protein C receptor in the dermal microvasculature of children with severe meningococcemia and purpuric or petechial(More)