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Prostaglandin E synthase (PGES) including isoenzymes of membrane-associated PGES (mPGES)-1, mPGES-2, and cytosolic PGES (cPGES) is the recently identified terminal enzyme of the arachidonic acid cascade. PGES converts prostaglandin (PG)H2 to PGE2 downstream of cyclooxygenase (COX). We investigated the expression of PGES isoenzyme in articular chondrocytes(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the differences in gene expression profiles of chondrocytes in intact and damaged regions of cartilage from the same knee joint of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. METHODS We compared messenger RNA expression profiles in regions of intact and damaged cartilage (classified according to the Mankin scale) obtained from(More)
BACKGROUND Extracts of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TWHF), a traditional Chinese herb, have been reported to show efficacy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Since RA is not only characterized by inflammation but also by synovial proliferation in the joints, we examined whether triptolide (a constituent of TWHF) could influence the proliferation(More)
Synoviolin is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident E3 ubiquitin ligase which plays a critical role in ER-associated degradation (ERAD). We found that Synoviolin is a novel causative factor for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which is especially up-regulated in proliferating synovial cells in the disease. We attempted to examine the role of Synoviolin in ER(More)
BACKGROUND Various attempts have been made to assess the inclination angle of the acetabulum utilizing new imageprocessing technologies to enable three-dimensional reconstruction of the acetabulum. However, reliability of these methods has not been estimated in comparison with anatomical measurements. This study developed a geometric method for measuring(More)
INTRODUCTION Associations between accessory anterolateral talar facet (AALTF) and sinus tarsi pain in adults have not been reported. This study aimed to investigate the clinical and imaging characteristics of pathologic conditions of the peritalar region in adults with painful accessory talar facet impingement (ATFI). METHODS We included 31 patients (aged(More)
Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 2 (Apex 2) plays a critical role in DNA repair caused by oxidative damage in a variety of human somatic cells. We speculated that chondrocyte Apex 2 may protect against the catabolic process of articular cartilage in osteoarthritis (OA). Higher levels of Apex 2 expression were histologically observed in severely compared(More)
OBJECTIVE Membrane-associated prostaglandin E synthase (mPGES) is a recently identified terminal enzyme of the arachidonic acid cascade, which converts PGH(2) to PGE(2) in rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs). This study was undertaken to investigate factors regulating the expression of mPGES. METHODS RASFs were treated with interleukin-1beta(More)
The objective of this article was to investigate the role and expression of a novel adipocytokine, angiopoietin-like-4 (ANGPTL4), in arthropathy. Human chondrocytes were obtained from articular cartilage of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA), who underwent total knee or hip arthroplasty. Isolated chondrocytes were cultured under(More)
A 15-year-old male complained of pain in the left foot that occurred when changing direction while running and at presentation, he had difficulty in walking due to pain and swelling. Plain X-ray of the foot revealed a Myerson Type B2 Lisfranc fracture dislocation, and 3-D computed tomography (CT) revealed proximal fractures of the 2nd-4th metatarsals. The(More)