Learn More
We used a newly developed experimental paradigm to investigate aftereffects of completed intentions on subsequent performance that required the maintenance and execution of new intentions. Participants performed an ongoing number categorization task and an additional prospective memory (PM) task, which required them to respond to PM cues that differed from(More)
An intention stored in prospective memory (PM) for later execution can be retrieved either strategically through preparatory attentional processes such as active monitoring for PM targets or spontaneously through automatic retrieval processes when encountering a relevant cue. Using functional MRI to identify distinct brain areas involved in spontaneous(More)
In 31 of 34 patients with chronic renal insufficiency caused by various diseaes, reciprocal serum-creatinine concentration declined linearly as creatinine concentration rose from a mean of 2-6 mg/dl to 14-8 mg/dl over an average of 71 months. These results indicate that in most cases reciprocal serum-creatinine declines linearly with time as chronic renal(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoalbuminemia is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients. METHODS Subjects with a mean three-month prestudy serum albumin of 3.8 g/dL or less and who demonstrated >/=90% compliance during a two-week run-in period were randomized to 3.6 g of essential amino acids (EAAs) or placebo three times daily with meals(More)
Recent studies showed that prospective memory (PM) intentions might not be deactivated directly after completion. The residual activation leads to aftereffects which are reflected as interference in performance when former PM cues of old intentions are interspersed in the new task (i.e., intention deactivation failure, Walser et al., J Exp Psychol Learn Mem(More)
In a patient with gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina, an arginine-deficient diet has reduced plasma ornithine concentration fivefold during the past 20 months. Subjective improvement in her visual function was noted approximately 15 months after institution of her diet. This has been documented by improvements in the electroretinogram,(More)
Previous studies have shown that completed prospective memory (PM) intentions entail aftereffects in terms of ongoing-task-performance decrements in trials containing repeated PM cues which previously served as PM cues triggering the intended action. Previous research reported that PM aftereffects decrease over time, thus revealing a specific time course of(More)
We often form intentions but have to postpone them until the appropriate situation for retrieval and execution has come, an ability also referred to as event-based prospective memory. After intention completion, our cognitive system has to deactivate no-more-relevant intention representations from memory to avoid interference with subsequent tasks. In(More)
21 patients undergoing major abdominal surgery were randomly assigned to one of three groups. On the day of surgery and for the succeeding 4 days each group received a daily infusion of one of the following: 10 g glucose plus 70 mmol NaHCO3, 70 mmol leucine plus 70 mmol NaHCO3, or 70 mmol of sodium alpha-ketoisocaproate (KIC). No other calories were given.(More)
There is a net loss of skeletal muscle protein in muscle-wasting disorders including the muscular dystrophies and denervation atrophy. Regardless of the nature of the underlying defect, a treatment that could reduce the rate of muscle protein degradation may be of therapeutic value in these conditions. Ketoleucine (alpha-ketoisocaproic acid) has been(More)
  • 1