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We investigated the role of a muscular defense in the stabilization and protection of the ankle joint against sudden forced inversion. Ten volunteers with mechanically stable ankles were tested in different standing and walking situations using a trap door model and lower extremity electromyography and electrogoniometers. Peroneal electromyographic activity(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to investigate modern and classical electroencephalographic (EEG) variables in response to remifentanil and propofol infusions. We hypothesized that modern EEG variables may indicate the effects of propofol but not of remifentanil. Twenty-five patients were included in the study after the end of elective spine surgery(More)
BACKGROUND A new electroencephalogram monitor, the Narcotrend, was developed to measure anesthetic depth. The authors compared the Narcotrend, the Bispectral Index, and classic electroencephalographic and hemodynamic parameters during anesthesia with propofol and remifentanil. METHODS The authors investigated 25 patients undergoing laminectomy at(More)
UNLABELLED A new commercial auditory evoked potential (AEP) monitor (A-line AEP monitor) was developed to calculate an index (ARX AEP index; AAI) by automatically using the amplitudes and latencies of the AEP. We investigated 30 patients before spine surgery. AAI; bispectral index (BIS); relative (%) delta, theta, alpha, and beta; spectral edge frequency;(More)
Transcorneoscleral iontophoresis was used to enhance ocular penetration of a 21-bp NH(2) protected anti-NOSII oligonucleotides (ODNs) (fluorescein or infrared-41 labeled) in Lewis rats. Both histochemical localization and acrylamide sequencing gels were used. To evaluate the potential to down-regulate NOSII expression in the rat model of endotoxin-induced(More)
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