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Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are large proteinaceous channels embedded in the nuclear envelope (NE), through which exchange of molecules between the nucleus and cytosol occurs. Biogenesis of NPCs is complex and poorly understood. In particular, almost nothing is known about how NPCs are anchored in the NE. Here, we characterize vertebrate NDC1--a(More)
Direct conversion of nonneural cells to functional neurons holds great promise for neurological disease modeling and regenerative medicine. We previously reported rapid reprogramming of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) into mature induced neuronal (iN) cells by forced expression of three transcription factors: ASCL1, MYT1L, and BRN2. Here, we show that(More)
Direct lineage reprogramming represents a remarkable conversion of cellular and transcriptome states. However, the intermediate stages through which individual cells progress during reprogramming are largely undefined. Here we use single-cell RNA sequencing at multiple time points to dissect direct reprogramming from mouse embryonic fibroblasts to induced(More)
In most epithelia ion transport is tightly regulated. One major primary target of such regulation is the modulation of ion channels. The present brief review focuses on one specific example of ion channel regulation by the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). CFTR functions as a cAMP-regulated Cl- channel. Its defect leads to the(More)
Mitosis in metazoa requires nuclear envelope (NE) disassembly and reassembly. NE disassembly is driven by multiple phosphorylation events. Mitotic phosphorylation of the protein BAF reduces its affinity for chromatin and the LEM family of inner nuclear membrane proteins; loss of this BAF-mediated chromatin-NE link contributes to NE disassembly. BAF must(More)
Disassembly of the nuclear lamina is a key step during open mitosis in higher eukaryotes. The activity of several kinases, including CDK1 (cyclin-dependent kinase 1) and protein kinase C (PKC), has been shown to trigger mitotic lamin disassembly, yet their precise contributions are unclear. In this study, we develop a quantitative imaging assay to study(More)
Long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) are derived from thousands of loci in mammalian genomes and are frequently enriched in transposable elements (TEs). Although families of TE-derived lincRNAs have recently been implicated in the regulation of pluripotency, little is known of the specific functions of individual family members. Here we characterize(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a complex disease affecting epithelial ion transport. There are not many diseases like CF that have triggered such intense research activities. The complexity of the disease is due to mutations in the CFTR protein, now known to be a Cl– channel and a regulator of other transport proteins. The various interactions and the large number(More)
 Oocytes from Xenopus laevis activate a Ca2+ dependent Cl– conductance when exposed to the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin. This Ca2+ activated Cl– conductance (CaCC) is strongly outwardly rectifying and has a halide conductivity ratio (GI– / GCl–) of about 4.4. This is in contrast to the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)-Cl– conductance,(More)
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) functions as a Cl− channel in a large variety of cells expressing this protein. Recently evidence has accumulated that it also regulates other ion channels. A coordinated increase in Cl− and K+ conductances is necessary in many Cl−-secreting epithelia. This has, for example, recently been(More)