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BACKGROUND Despite the potentially severe impact of bile leakage on patients' perioperative and long-term outcome, a commonly used definition of this complication after hepatobiliary and pancreatic operations has not yet been established. The aim of the present article is to propose a uniform definition and severity grading of bile leakage after(More)
BACKGROUND Posthepatectomy liver failure is a feared complication after hepatic resection and a major cause of perioperative mortality. There is currently no standardized definition of posthepatectomy liver failure that allows valid comparison of results from different studies and institutions. The aim of the current article was to propose a definition and(More)
Every year, more than 945000 people develop colorectal cancer worldwide, and around 492000 patients die. This form of cancer develops sporadically, in the setting of hereditary cancer syndromes, or on the basis of inflammatory bowel diseases. Screening and prevention programmes are available for all these causes and should be more widely publicised. The(More)
BACKGROUND A standardized definition of post-hepatectomy haemorrhage (PHH) has not yet been established. METHODS An international study group of hepatobiliary surgeons from high-volume centres was convened and a definition of PHH was developed together with a grading of severity considering the impact on patients' clinical management. RESULTS The(More)
High expression of EpCAM and the tetraspanin CO-029 has been associated with colorectal cancer progression. However, opposing results have been reported on CD44 variant isoform v6 (CD44v6) expression. We recently noted in rat gastrointestinal tumors that EpCAM, claudin-7, CO-029, and CD44v6 were frequently coexpressed and could form a complex. This finding(More)
Human colon cancer harbors a small subfraction of tumor-initiating cells (TICs) that is assumed to be a functionally homogeneous stem-cell-like population driving tumor maintenance and metastasis formation. We found unexpected cellular heterogeneity within the TIC compartment, which contains three types of TICs. Extensively self-renewing long-term TICs(More)
Paraoxonase is an HDL-associated enzyme implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis by protecting lipoproteins against peroxidation. Its biallelic gene polymorphism at codon 192 (glutamine/arginine) has been associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). To further evaluate the role of this paraoxonase gene polymorphism for CAD in type 2 diabetes, we(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the perioperative outcome and long-term survival of patients who underwent surgical resection for recurrent rectal cancer within a multimodal approach in the era of total mesorectal excision (TME). BACKGROUND Introduction of TME has reduced local recurrence and improved oncological outcome of patients with rectal cancer. Local(More)
Several bacterial species have been implicated in the development of colorectal carcinoma (CRC), but CRC-associated changes of fecal microbiota and their potential for cancer screening remain to be explored. Here, we used metagenomic sequencing of fecal samples to identify taxonomic markers that distinguished CRC patients from tumor-free controls in a study(More)
The objective of this study was to examine diabetic patients at the time of admission to maintenance haemodialysis and to follow them for 36 months in order to define predictors of cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular death. This prospective study comprised all consecutive diabetic patients admitted to 28 German dialysis centres between January 1985 and(More)