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BACKGROUND One of the core symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the instability in interpersonal relationships. This might be related to existent differences in mindreading between BPD patients and healthy individuals. METHODS We examined the behavioural and neurophysiological (fMRI) responses of BPD patients and healthy controls (HC)(More)
The ability to reappraise the emotional impact of events is related to long-term mental health. Self-focused reappraisal (REAPPself), i.e., reducing the personal relevance of the negative events, has been previously associated with neural activity in regions near right medial prefrontal cortex, but rarely investigated among brain-damaged individuals. Thus,(More)
PURPOSE Penetrating keratoplasty has a very poor outcome compared with adults if performed in the first years of life. Rejection in these young patients occurs even in the absence of known immunological risk factors. Recently, a baby rat model was introduced and an essential contribution of natural killer (NK) cells during allograft rejection was suggested.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluates the inter-site and intra-site reproducibility of 7 Tesla brain imaging and compares it to literature values for other field strengths. MATERIALS AND METHODS The same two subjects were imaged at eight different 7 T sites. MP2RAGE, TSE, TOF, SWI, EPI as well as B1 and B0 field maps were analyzed quantitatively to assess(More)
In ordinal regression the focus is typically on location effects, potential variation in the distribution of the probability mass over response categories referring to stronger or weaker concentration in the middle is mostly ignored. If dispersion effects are present but ignored goodness-of-fit suffers and, more severely, biased estimates of location(More)
The results of research about the influences of impulsivity on decision-making in situations of risk have been inconsistent. In this study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine the neural correlates of decision-making under risk in 12 impulsive, as defined by the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11, and 13 normal men. Although both groups(More)
This study aims to quantify the mean change of the effective transverse relaxation time T2(⁎) in active brain regions of human volunteers at field strengths of B0=3T and 7T. Besides the mono-exponential signal decay model an extended model is tested that considers mesoscopic field gradients across imaging voxels. Both models are checked for cross-talk and(More)
A novel method for the identification of differential item functioning (DIF) by means of recursive partitioning techniques is proposed. We assume an extension of the Rasch model that allows for DIF being induced by an arbitrary number of covariates for each item. Recursive partitioning on the item level results in one tree for each item and leads to(More)
In the modelling of ordinal responses in psychological measurement and survey-based research, response styles that represent specific answering patterns of respondents are typically ignored. One consequence is that estimates of item parameters can be poor and considerably biased. The focus here is on the modelling of a tendency to extreme or middle(More)
Although several studies have examined inhibition of affective stimuli, valence-dependent cognitive control effects remain poorly understood. Behavioural and functional imaging (functional magnetic resonance imaging) data were collected from 17 healthy participants to examine neural correlates of the Negative Affective Priming (NAP) task. We created(More)