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Orexin is a neuropeptide distributed widely among vertebrates. In mammals, orexin and its receptor system are involved in the regulation of food intake, locomotion, and psychomotor activities including the sleep/wakefulness cycle. With regard to nonmammalian vertebrates, there has also been intensive study aimed at the identification and functional(More)
Orexin is a potent orexigenic neuropeptide implicated in feeding regulation of mammals. However, except for the case of goldfish, the involvement of orexin in the feeding behavior of teleost fish has not well been studied. Therefore, we investigated the role of orexin on food intake using a zebrafish (Danio rerio) model. We examined the effect of feeding(More)
Intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone II (GnRH II), which plays a crucial role in the regulation of reproduction in vertebrates, markedly reduces food intake in goldfish. However, the neurochemical pathways involved in the anorexigenic action of GnRH II and its interaction with other neuropeptides have not yet been(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a neuropeptide distributed widely among vertebrates. In mammals, NPY and its related peptides such as pancreatic polypeptide and peptide YY (PYY) are distributed throughout the brain and gastrointestinal tissues, and are centrally involved in many physiological functions such as the regulation of food intake, locomotion and(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH)-containing neurons directly innervate the adenohypophysis in the teleost pituitary. We examined immunohistochemically the relationship between MCH-containing nerve fibres or endings and somatolactin (SL)-producing cells in the goldfish pituitary. Nerve fibres or endings with MCH-like immunoreactivity were identified in(More)
Cell-matrix interaction is required for tissue development. Laminin, a major constituent of the basement membrane, is important for structural support and as a ligand in tissue development. Laminin has 19 isoforms, which are determined by combinational assembly of five α, three β, and three γ chains (eg, laminin 121 is α1, β2, and γ1). However, no report(More)
In the goldfish pituitary, nerve fibers containing pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) are located in close proximity to somatolactin (SL)-producing cells, and PACAP enhances SL release from cultured pituitary cells. However, there is little information about the mechanism of PACAP-induced SL release. In order to elucidate this issue,(More)
Pituitary gland development is controlled by numerous signaling molecules, which are produced in the oral ectoderm and diencephalon. A newly described family of heparin-binding growth factors, namely midkine (MK)/pleiotrophin (PTN), is involved in regulating the growth and differentiation of many tissues and organs. Using in situ hybridization with(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is an evolutionarily conserved neuropeptide with 10 amino acid residues, of which several structural variants exist. A molecular form known as GnRH2 ([His(5) Trp(7) Tyr(8)]GnRH, also known as chicken GnRH II) is widely distributed in vertebrates except for rodents, and has recently been implicated in the regulation of(More)
Food intake is a fundamental for animals to surviving and keeping offspring. The hypothalamic region of the brain and the brain stem in vertebrates are a center that plays an important role in the control of feeding and its related behaviors including locomotor and psychomotor activities. Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) has(More)