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Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a potent orexigenic neuropeptide implicated in feeding regulation in mammals. However, except for the case of the goldfish, the involvement of NPY in the feeding behaviour of teleost fish has not well been studied. Therefore, we investigated the role of NPY in food intake using a zebrafish (Danio rerio) model because the molecular(More)
I.c.v. administration of the octadecaneuropeptide (ODN), a peptide derived from diazepam-binding inhibitor (DBI), induces anorexigenic and anxiogenic-like actions in rodents. We have recently shown that, in goldfish, i.c.v. injection of ODN also reduces food consumption via the metabotropic endozepine receptor. However, there is little information regarding(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a neuropeptide distributed widely among vertebrates. In mammals, NPY and its related peptides such as pancreatic polypeptide and peptide YY (PYY) are distributed throughout the brain and gastrointestinal tissues, and are centrally involved in many physiological functions such as the regulation of food intake, locomotion and(More)
We have been extensively investigating the mechanisms by which neuropeptides regulate feeding behavior by using a goldfish (Carassius auratus) model. In this species, the anorexigenic action of melanocortin peptide is centrally mediated via the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)/CRH receptor neuronal system, whereas sulfated cholecystokinin octapeptide(More)
The extracellular matrix (ECM) is important in creating cellular environments in tissues. Recent studies have demonstrated that ECM components are localized in anterior pituitary cells and affect cell activity. Thus, clarifying the mechanism responsible for ECM maintenance would improve understanding of gland function. Tissue inhibitors of(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH)-containing neurons directly innervate the adenohypophysis in the teleost pituitary. We examined immunohistochemically the relationship between MCH-containing nerve fibres or endings and somatolactin (SL)-producing cells in the goldfish pituitary. Nerve fibres or endings with MCH-like immunoreactivity were identified in(More)
Cell-matrix interaction is required for tissue development. Laminin, a major constituent of the basement membrane, is important for structural support and as a ligand in tissue development. Laminin has 19 isoforms, which are determined by combinational assembly of five α, three β, and three γ chains (eg, laminin 121 is α1, β2, and γ1). However, no report(More)
Intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone II (GnRH II), which plays a crucial role in the regulation of reproduction in vertebrates, markedly reduces food intake in goldfish. However, the neurochemical pathways involved in the anorexigenic action of GnRH II and its interaction with other neuropeptides have not yet been(More)
In the goldfish pituitary, nerve fibers containing pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) are located in close proximity to somatolactin (SL)-producing cells, and PACAP enhances SL release from cultured pituitary cells. However, there is little information about the mechanism of PACAP-induced SL release. In order to elucidate this issue,(More)