Morihito Okada

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A Phase III study was started in Japan to evaluate the non-inferiority in overall survival of segmentectomy compared with lobectomy in patients with small-sized (diameter </=2 cm) peripheral non-small cell lung cancer, excluding radiologically determined non-invasive cancer. This study began in August 2009, and a total of 1100 patients will be accrued from(More)
OBJECTIVE At present, even when early-stage, small-sized non-small cell lung cancers are being increasingly detected, lesser resection has not become the treatment of choice. We sought to compare sublobar resection (segmentectomy or wedge resection) with lobar resection to test which one is the appropriate procedure for such lesions. METHODS From 1992 to(More)
OBJECTIVE As a result of increasing discovery of small-sized lung cancer in clinical practice, tumor size has come to be considered an important variable affecting planning of treatment. Nevertheless, there have been no reports including large numbers of patients and focusing on tumor size, and controversy remains concerning the surgical management of(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) is a nuclear receptor whose activation regulates metabolism and inflammation. Recent data indicate that the zinc finger transcription factor early growth response gene-1 (Egr-1) acts as a master switch for the inflammatory response in ischemic vessels. Experiments tested the hypothesis that activation of(More)
OBJECTIVES The present multicenter study compared the usefulness of the solid tumor size with that of the whole tumor size on preoperative high-resolution computed tomography for predicting pathologic high-grade malignancy (positive lymphatic, vascular, or pleural invasion) and the prognosis of clinical stage IA lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS We performed(More)
BACKGROUND Improved radiologic imaging provides earlier detection of non-small cell lung cancer, but controversy exists regarding the need for complete lymph node dissection. This study was designed to evaluate the possibility of lesser mediastinal dissection for early-stage lung cancer. METHODS Selective mediastinal dissection is defined as follows:(More)
OBJECTIVE Differentiation of bronchioloalveolar carcinoma from other subtypes of lung adenocarcinomas is important in the preoperative assessment of patients. We examined the biologic aggressiveness of small-sized adenocarcinomas according to the pathologically defined bronchioloalveolar carcinoma degree and its correlation with computed tomography(More)
BACKGROUND There have been no proven preoperative indicators for postoperative survival of patients with an adenocarcinoma, the incidence of which has been increasing lately. METHODS Of 952 consecutive patients operated on for primary lung cancer between 1995 and 2002, 167 patients with a proven adenocarcinoma 3 cm or less in diameter underwent complete(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO), an endogenous cytoprotective product of heme oxygenase type-1 regulates target thrombotic and inflammatory genes in ischemic stress. Regulation of the gene encoding early growth response 1 (Egr-1), a potent transcriptional activator of deleterious thrombotic and inflammatory cascades, may govern CO-mediated ischemic lung protection.(More)
BACKGROUND The prognostic implication of serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) has yet to be comprehensively analyzed since the reports available so far have comprised small patient populations. We evaluated perioperative CEA values with regard to surgical results in a large number of patients to clarify its merit. METHODS We measured serum CEA levels(More)