Morgane Charbonneau

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Pre- and postnatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) can impair behavioural function in animal models at doses within the range at which humans are commonly exposed. Yet, epidemiologic studies conducted in the US and Europe are inconsistent with regard to the developmental effects of lactational exposure to these chemicals. This inconsistency may(More)
The taurine urinary excretion pattern, before and after an oral load of 250 mg taurine, was studied in normal control subjects and in patients with typical Friedreich's ataxia. It was demonstrated that in both situations the ataxic patients fell within the sub-types of "intermediate" and "high taurine excretors" while non were "low taurine excretors". It(More)
We have studied the effect of combining inhaled nitric oxide (NO) with an i.v. vasodilator agent, nitroglycerin, or ciloprost, a prostacyclin analogue, during acute pulmonary hypertension in pigs, induced by continuous infusion of a thromboxane analogue (U46619), adjusted to maintain mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) at 40 mm Hg. The effects of the(More)
Leucocyte Glutamate Dehydrogenase (GDH) activity was measured in 44 patients with various forms of ataxia and 44 age and sex-matched normal controls. The only significant change found was a moderate decrease in activity in Friedreich's ataxia and a few patients with OPCA. This decreased activity is not primary to the disease but probably reflects a(More)
We studied the activity of valine dehydrogenase (VDH) in leukocytes of 14 Friedreich's ataxia patients and of 14 normal control subjects. There was a significant 26% mean decrease in enzyme activity in the patients, a finding which could be responsible for the chronic accumulation of some alpha-keto acids with toxic metabolic consequences in that disease.(More)
We measured the activity of cytosolic and of mitochondrial malic enzyme in the hearts from 4 patients with Friedreich's disease and from two non-ataxic control subjects. There was a wide variability in the results and the slight overall decreases in both enzyme activities were not considered to be statistically significant. From these and other results, we(More)
Hexachlorobenzene (HCB), an environmental contaminant, has caused spontaneous convulsions in infants and neonate rats born and breast-fed from exposed mothers as well as in weanling rats exposed for many weeks. This study aimed to determine if HCB causes epileptiform convulsions in adult rats. For this purpose, a controlled stimulus was used. Female(More)
A 20 kg German shepherd dog was presented to a French veterinary teaching hospital for seizures and hyperthermia. The dog had returned 1 month previously from a six-month stay in Senegal and sub-Saharan Africa. Biochemistry and haematology showed severe hypoglycaemia (0.12 g/L), anaemia and thrombocytopenia. Despite administration of large amounts of(More)
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