Morgane Bomsel

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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 is mainly transmitted mucosally during sexual intercourse. We therefore evaluated the protective efficacy of a vaccine active at mucosal sites. Macaca mulatta monkeys were immunized via both the intramuscular and intranasal routes with an HIV-1 vaccine made of gp41-subunit antigens grafted on virosomes, a safe delivery(More)
Although circumcision reduces male acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) by 60%, the initial mechanisms of HIV-1 transmission at the foreskin remain elusive. We have established two novel and complementary models of the human adult foreskin epithelium, namely, ex vivo foreskin explants and in vitro reconstructed immunocompetent(More)
Contact between various epithelial cell lines and HIV chronically infected mononuclear cell lines results in a massive and rapid budding of HIV virions toward the epithelium followed by their internalization into epithelial endosome-like structures. Here it is shown that as early as 30 minutes after apical contact, primary virus isolates generated from(More)
Mother-to-child transmission can occur in utero, mainly intrapartum and postpartum in case of breastfeeding. In utero transmission is highly restricted and results in selection of viral variant from the mother to the child. We have developed an in vitro system that mimics the interaction between viruses, infected cells present in maternal blood, and the(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus, generated during contact between HIV-infected cells and the apical surface of an epithelial cell, can cross a tight epithelial barrier by transcytosis. We show that transcytosis of primary HIV isolates is blocked by dimeric IgA or IgM against HIV envelope proteins. Neutralization occurs intracellularly within the apical(More)
After reaching early endosomes by receptor-mediated endocytosis, diphtheria toxin (DT) molecules have two possible fates. A large pool enters the degradative pathway whereas a few molecules become cytotoxic by translocating their catalytic fragment A (DTA) into the cytosol. Impairment of DT degradation by microtubule depolymerization does not block DT(More)
As one of the initial mucosal transmission pathways of HIV (HIV-1), epithelial cells translocate HIV-1 from apical to basolateral surface by nondegradative transcytosis. Transcytosis is initiated when HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins bind to the epithelial cell membrane. Here we show that the transmembrane gp41 subunit of the viral envelope binds to the(More)
The polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) is transcytosed from the basolateral to the apical surface of polarized epithelial cells. We have previously shown that phosphorylation of Ser-664 in the cytoplasmic domain of the pIgR is a signal for its transcytosis. We now report that binding of a physiological ligand, dimeric IgA, to pIgR stimulates pIgR(More)