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In this paper, we have characterized the apical and basolateral endocytic pathways of epithelial MDCK cells grown on filters. The three-dimensional organization of the endocytic compartments was analyzed by confocal microscopy after internalization of a fluorescent fluid-phase marker from either side of the cell layer. After 5 min of internalization,(More)
The pathways of endocytosis from the apical and the basolateral domains of epithelial MDCK cells are known to converge at the level of late endosomes in vivo. We have now reconstituted the meeting process in a cell-free assay that measures the fusion of apically and basolaterally derived endocytic vesicles with late endosomes. Our results show that this in(More)
As a model for bacterium-induced epithelial cell injury, we have studied the interaction of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells grown on filters. Following an initial period of bacterial adhesion, foci of injured host cells, which consisted of a central region of cell debris, surrounded by cells that were permeable(More)
BACKGROUND Based on inhibition tests, the alpha6beta1 integrin was suggested to be a sperm receptor, but further experiments using gene deletion techniques have shown that neither oocyte alpha6, nor beta1 integrin subunits were essential for mouse fertilization. RESULTS Using Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence, we showed that the mouse sperm(More)
UNLABELLED Mucosal antibodies harboring various antiviral activities may best protect mucosal surfaces against early HIV-1 entry at mucosal sites and they should be ideally induced by prophylactic HIV-1 vaccines for optimal prevention of sexually transmitted HIV-1. A phase I, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in twenty-four(More)
Electron microscopic approaches have been used to study the endocytic pathways from the apical and basolateral surface domains of the polarized epi-thelial cell, MDCK strain I, grown on polycarbonate filters. The cells were incubated at 37°C in the presence of two distinguishable markers administered separately to the apical or the basolateral domain.(More)
The membrane proximal region (MPR) of the transmembrane subunit, gp41, of the HIV envelope glycoprotein plays a critical role in HIV-1 infection of CD4+ target cells and CD4-independent mucosal entry. It contains continuous epitopes recognized by neutralizing IgG antibodies 2F5, 4E10 and Z13, and is therefore considered to be a promising target for vaccine(More)
Male circumcision reduces acquisition of HIV-1 by 60%. Hence, the foreskin is an HIV-1 entry portal during sexual transmission. We recently reported that efficient HIV-1 transmission occurs following 1 h of polarized exposure of the inner, but not outer, foreskin to HIV-1-infected cells, but not to cell-free virus. At this early time point, Langerhans cells(More)