Morgana L. Mongraw-Chaffin

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This study prospectively investigates the contribution of pregnancy complications and other reproductive age risk factors on the risk of subsequent cardiovascular disease death. Participants were 14 403 women in the Child Health and Development Studies pregnancy cohort drawn from the Kaiser Permanente Health Plan in California. Only women with nonmissing(More)
The Child Health and Development Studies is a > or =40-year follow-up of 20,754 pregnancies occurring between 1959 and 1967 in California. There were 84 cases of undescended testes at birth persisting to at least age 2 years among 7,574 liveborn sons whose mothers were interviewed in early pregnancy. Cases were matched to three controls on birth year and(More)
CONTEXT Sex hormones may influence adipose tissue deposition, possibly contributing to sex disparities in cardiovascular disease risk. OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that associations of sex hormone levels with visceral and subcutaneous fat differ by sex. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Participants were from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis with(More)
BACKGROUND The risk of developing coronary heart disease differs by sex, and accumulating evidence suggests that sex differences exist in the effect of coronary risk factors on vascular risk. So far, the existence of a sex difference in the association between BMI and coronary heart disease has not been systematically studied. Since sexual dimorphisms in(More)
BACKGROUND For decades, dietary sodium intake in the United States has remained high, and few studies have examined strategies for maintaining recommended intakes. OBJECTIVE We examined the effects of a behavioral intervention, which emphasized spices and herbs, on the maintenance of sodium intake at the recommended intake of 1500 mg/d in individuals to(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study is to compare lactate levels between users and non-users of diabetes medications under the hypothesis that the level of lactate is a marker of oxidative capacity. METHODS The cross-sectional data of 493 participants aged 61-84 with type 2 diabetes who participated in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Carotid(More)
It has been suggested that increased risk for testicular cancer occurring worldwide may be due to exposures during fetal development. Lifestyle or environmental exposures may be the most important predictors of risk. However, few studies have directly examined these exposures prospectively. The Child Health and Development Studies is a 40-year follow-up of(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have investigated the relationship of anthropometric measurements with computed tomography (CT) body fat composition, and even fewer determined if these relationships differ by sex and race. METHODS CT scans from 1,851 participants in the population based Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis were assessed for visceral and(More)
OBJECTIVE Overweight early in life may contribute to cardiovascular disease mortality through progression to later life obesity or through a cumulative effect of excess weight. Few studies have investigated the relationship between body mass index (BMI) before middle age and cardiovascular disease mortality in women. Using the Child Health and Development(More)
We examined the association of plasma lactate at rest, a marker of oxidative capacity, with incident cardiovascular outcomes in 10,006 participants in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study visit 4 (1996-1998). We used Cox proportional-hazards models to estimate hazard ratios of incident coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, and(More)