Morgan L. Waddell

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Researchers generally agree that perceived heaviness is based on the actions associated with unsupported holding. Psychophysical research has supported this idea, as has psychophysiological research connecting muscle activity to the perceptions of heaviness and effort. However, the role of muscle activity in the context of the resulting motions has not been(More)
Perceived heaviness is clearly a function of muscle activity: objects feel heavy, in part because they are lifted with more force than lighter feeling objects. Recent research showed that participants scale their perceptions to the ratio of muscle activity to lift acceleration during elbow lifts (Waddell et al. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 42:363–374,(More)
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