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In Canada, 74,255 deaths (33% of all deaths) in 2003 were due to cardio-vascular disease (CVD). As one of the most costly diseases, CVD represents a major economic burden on health care systems. The purpose of the present study was to review the literature on the economic costs of CVD in Canada and other developed countries (United States, Europe and(More)
BACKGROUND Health technology assessments (HTA) generally, and economic evaluations (EE) more specifically, have become an integral part of health care decision making around the world. However, these assessments are time consuming and expensive to conduct. Evaluation resources are scarce and therefore priorities need to be set for these assessments and the(More)
Obesity is a major public health problem associated with a wide range of health problems. This study estimates the prevalence of obesity, calculates the proportion (or population-attributable fraction [PAF]) of major chronic diseases which is attributable to obesity, estimates the deaths attributable to it and projects its future prevalence trends. In(More)
BACKGROUND Computer simulation studies of the emergency department (ED) are often patient driven and consider the physician as a human resource whose primary activity is interacting directly with the patient. In many EDs, physicians supervise delegates such as residents, physician assistants and nurse practitioners each with different skill sets and levels(More)
BACKGROUND Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) in ambulatory settings can be effective only if patients who need this intervention are willing to participate in the evaluation and follow the indicated therapy. METHODS To learn whether older persons' health beliefs and perceptions influence participation in ambulatory-based CGA, we studied subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Reducing wait times for cataract surgery is a priority in Ontario. However, no previous analysis has determined whether the extra treatment volumes required to reduce wait times are of good monetary value when compared with allocating those same financial resources to new programs, drugs, or technologies. The objective of the study was to use(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the production of Health Technology Assessments (HTAs) with economic evaluations (EEs) conducted by Canadian HTA agencies. METHODS This research used a three-step approach: (i) the Web sites of five Canadian organizations promoting HTA were searched to identify HTA reports with EEs; (ii) HTA agencies were surveyed to verify that our(More)
Economic evaluations involve the comparison of alternative courses of action in terms of both their costs and their consequences. In response to increasing health care costs, economic evaluations of competing technologies, including radiologic interventions, are increasingly used to inform resource allocation decisions. It is therefore crucial that(More)
PURPOSE A systems analysis perspective was undertaken to evaluate access to surgery for children with medically refractory epilepsy (MRE) in Ontario, the largest province in Canada. The analysis focused on the assessment of referral patterns, healthcare utilization, time intervals and patient flow to determine surgical candidacy in children with MRE. The(More)