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The immunomodulatory capacity of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is critical for their use in therapeutic applications. MSC response to specific inflammatory cues allows them to switch between a proinflammatory (MSC1) or anti-inflammatory (MSC2) phenotype. Regulatory mechanisms controlling this switch remain to be defined. One characteristic feature of MSC2(More)
Limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B form (LGMD-2B) and Miyoshi myopathy (MM) are both caused by mutations in the dysferlin (dysf) gene. In this study, we used dysferlin-deficient sjl mice as a mouse model to study cell therapy for LGMD-2B and MM. A single-blind study evaluated the therapeutic potential of human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) as a source of(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells have been implicated as playing an important role in stem cell engraftment. Recently, a new pluripotent population of umbilical cord blood (UCB) cells, unrestricted somatic stem cells (USSCs), with intrinsic and directable potential to develop into mesodermal, endodermal, and ectodermal fates, has been identified. In this study, we(More)
Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is increasingly being used for human hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation in children but often requires pooling multiple cords to obtain sufficient numbers for transplantation in adults. To overcome this limitation, we have used an ex vivo two-week culture system to expand the number of hematopoietic CD34(+) cells in(More)
Ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) has been investigated as a means of enhancing engraftment of transplantation therapies, but current ex vivo expansion methods typically result in a loss of functional stem cell activity. Factors that can selectively expand human HSCs remain elusive. Recently we have isolated three functionally distinct(More)
Valproic acid (VPA) is a histone deacetylase inhibitor previously shown to promote the proliferation and self-renewal of CD34(+) hematopoietic cells. We tested the effect of VPA in conjunction with the selective amplification technology developed by Viacell Inc. Stem cells enriched from frozen cord blood were cultured for 7 d, subjected to reselection and(More)
Umbilical cord blood is a traditional and convenient source of cells for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Thymic regulatory T cells (Tregs) are also present in cord blood, and there is growing interest in the use of autologous Tregs to provide a low-risk, fully human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched cell product for treating autoimmune diseases, such(More)
BACKGROUND Mononuclear cells (MNCs) have well-documented beneficial effects in a wide range of adult pulmonary diseases. The effects of human umbilical cord blood-derived MNCs on neonatal lung injury, highly relevant for potential autologous application in preterm newborns at risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), remain incompletely established. The(More)
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