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We completed a multicenter study of the effects of pomegranate cold-pressed (Oil) or supercritical CO(2)-extracted (S) seed oil, fermented juice polyphenols (W), and pericarp polyphenols (P) on human prostate cancer cell xenograft growth in vivo, and/or proliferation, cell cycle distribution, apoptosis, gene expression, and invasion across Matrigel, in(More)
The main regulator of the human tumor suppresser gene p21(waf1/cip1) is the transcription factor p53, but more recently it has been suggested to be a primary anti-proliferative target for the nuclear receptor VDR in the presence of its ligand 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1alpha,25(OH)2D3). To identify VDR responding regions, we analyzed 20 overlapping(More)
Vitamin D from the diet or synthesized in the skin upon UV-B irradiation is converted in the organism into the active metabolite 1α,25- dihydroxyvitamin D 3 [1,25(OH) 2D 3, calcitriol], a pleiotropic hormone with wide regulatory actions. The classical model of 1,25(OH)2D3 action implies the activation of the vitamin D receptor, which binds specific DNA(More)
PURPOSE We hypothesized that deregulated corepressor actions, with associated histone deacetylation activity, epigenetically suppressed vitamin D receptor (VDR) responsiveness and drives resistance towards 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Profiling, transcriptional, and proliferation assays were undertaken in(More)
Prostate cancer is a major cause of male cancer death. In vitro and in vivo data support a role for 1 alpha,25 Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)) in regulating the growth and differentiation of the normal prostate gland yet prostate cancer cells appear significantly less sensitive to this action. Vitamin D(3) receptor (VDR) content or mutational(More)
Cationic liposomes are being utilized for the delivery of DNA into mammalian cells both in vitro and in vivo. In this report, we describe a rapid, simple injection method for the preparation of cationic liposomes that requires no special equipment. We demonstrate that, using this injection method, liposomes prepared with a commercially available cationic(More)
In 1997, the first published reports highlighted PPARgamma as a novel cancer therapeutic target regulating differentiation of cancer cells. A subsequent flurry of papers described these activities more widely and fuelled further enthusiasm for differentiation therapy, as the ligands for the PPARgamma were seen as well tolerated and in several cases(More)
Proliferation of the non-malignant breast epithelial cell line, MCF-12A, is sensitively and completely inhibited by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)) (ED90 = 70 nM), We used real time RT-PCR to demonstrate that the relative resistance to 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) of MDA-MB-231 cells (ED50 > 100 nM) correlated with significantly reduced(More)
Retinoids and analogs of vitamin D3 may achieve greater in vivo applications if the toxic side effects encountered at pharmacologically active doses could be alleviated. These seco-steroid hormones often act in concert, and therefore, we attempted to dissect these interactions by isolating combinations of receptor-selective retinoids and a potent vitamin D3(More)
Epigenetic modifiers play important roles in fine-tuning the cellular transcriptome. Any imbalance in these processes may lead to abnormal transcriptional activity and thus result in disease state. Distortions of the epigenome have been reported in cancer initiation and progression. DNA methylation and histone modifications are principle components of this(More)