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Proton transfer along 1D chains of water molecules inside carbon nanotubes is studied by simulations. Ab initio molecular dynamics and an empirical valence bond model yield similar structures and time scales. The proton mobility along 1D water chains exceeds that in bulk water by a factor of 40, but is reduced if orientational defects are present. Excess(More)
Computational modeling and its application in ligand screening and ligand receptor interaction studies play important roles in structure-based drug design. A series of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor ligands with varying potencies and receptor selectivities were docked into homology models of the S1P(1-5) receptors. These studies provided molecular(More)
All known guanidino kinases contain a conserved cysteine residue that interacts with the non-nucleophilic eta1-nitrogen of the guanidino substrate. Site-directed mutagenesis studies have shown that this cysteine is important, but not essential for activity. In human muscle creatine kinase (HMCK) this residue, Cys283, forms part of a conserved(More)
The dissociation constant for an ionizable ligand binding to a receptor is dependent on its charge and therefore on its environmentally-influenced pKa value. The pKa values of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) were studied computationally in the context of the wild type S1P1 receptor and the following mutants: E3.29Q, E3.29A, and K5.38A. Calculated pKa values(More)
We use ab initio molecular dynamics simulation to calculate the dipole moment of water molecules in one-dimensional hydrogen bonded chains in narrow pores. The electronic charges are partitioned among the water molecules using maximally localized Wannier functions. For water molecules confined to the interior of a carbon nanotube we find an average dipole(More)
The structural determinants of the unusually low pK(a) values of Cys282 in human creatine kinase and Cys232 in alpha1-antitrypsin were studied computationally. We have demonstrated that hydrogen bonding to the cysteine residue is the prime determinant for both proteins. In the case of creatine kinase, the hydrogen bond donors are a serine side chain and an(More)
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