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BACKGROUND The wild grass species Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium hereafter) is emerging as a new model system for grass crop genomics research and biofuel grass biology. A draft nuclear genome sequence is expected to be publicly available in the near future; an explosion of gene expression studies will undoubtedly follow. Therefore, stable reference(More)
In order to identify the neutralizing epitope of the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), the spike protein region that is presumed to contain the virus-neutralizing epitope was determined. This was based on the sequence information for the neutralizing epitope of the transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV). A recombinant protein that corresponds to(More)
The pentameric B subunit of Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin (LTB) can be used as an efficient mucosal carrier of either immunogenic or tolerogenic T-cell epitopes. Co-delivery of therapeutic proteins with carrier proteins could increase the effectiveness of the antigen. This paper reports the ability of transgenic tobacco plants to express a fusion(More)
We expressed the cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) fused to an endoplasmic reticulum retention signal (SEKDEL) in carrot roots using an Agrobacterium-mediated transformation method. Fourteen independent transgenic lines were regenerated via somatic embryogenesis after 6 months of culture. The sCTB gene was detected in the genomic DNA of transgenic carrot by PCR(More)
Transgenic plants have been used as a safe and economic expression system for the production of edible vaccines. A synthetic cholera toxin B subunit gene (CTB) was fused with a synthetic neutralizing epitope gene of the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (sCTB-sCOE), and the sCTB-sCOE fusion gene was introduced into a plant expression vector under the control(More)
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) causes acute diarrhea and dehydration in pigs, leading to death with a high mortality. In this study, the synthetic neutralizing epitope gene of PEDV, which was optimized based on the coding sequence of tobacco plant genes being modified, was expressed in the no-nicotine tobacco plants. The synthetic gene was cloned(More)
Developmental phase change and flowering transition are emerging as potential targets for biomass agriculture in recent years. The GIGANTEA (GI) gene is one of the central regulators that direct flowering promotion and phase transition. In this work, we isolated a GI gene orthologue from the small annual grass Brachypodium distachyon inbred line Bd21(More)
We examined the biological function of cpmk1, which encodes a MAPK of Cryphonectria parasitica, and its regulation by mycovirus. Sequence comparisons revealed that cpmk1 had highest homology with osm1, a hog1-homologue from Magnaporthe grisea. A growth defect was observed in the cpmk1-null mutant under hyperosmotic conditions, indicating that cpmk1(More)
Recombinant proteins have been previously synthesized in a transgenic rice cell suspension culture system with the rice amylase 3D promoter, which can be induced via sugar starvation. However, the secreted recombinant proteins have been shown to be rapidly decreased as the result of proteolytic degradation occurring during prolonged incubation. The secreted(More)
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) causes acute enteritis in pigs of all ages and is often fatal for neonates. A tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-based vector was utilized for the expression of a core neutralizing epitope of PEDV (COE) for the development of a plant-based vaccine. In this study, the coding sequence of a COE gene was optimized based on the(More)