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MRI is a noninvasive diagnostic modality that reveals anatomy, physiology, and function in vivo without depth limitation or optical interference. MRI application to the retina, however, remains challenging. We improved spatial resolution to resolve layer-specific structure and functional responses in the retina and confirmed the laminar resolution in an(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that subretinal electrical stimulation from a microphotodiode array (MPA) exerts a neuroprotective effect in Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats through the induction of growth factors. METHODS At postnatal day 21, RCS rats were divided into four groups in which one eye per rat received treatment: (A) active MPA, (M)(More)
Recent studies suggest that androgen-driven alteration to the autocrine and paracrine factors produced by scalp dermal papilla (DP) cells may be a key to androgen-potentiated balding. Here, we screened dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-regulated genes in balding DP cells and found that dickkopf 1 (DKK-1) is one of the most upregulated genes. DKK-1 messenger RNA is(More)
We performed gene expression profiling of normal and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) liver tissues using a high-density microarray that contained 3,063 human cDNA. The results of a microarray hybridization experiment from eight different HCC tissues were analyzed and classified by the Cluster program. Among these differentially-expressed genes, the(More)
We have examined the frequency of SNP polymorphisms within the melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) and agouti signaling protein (ASIP) genes in 114 Korean vitiligo patients and 111 normal controls to assess the association of these loci with vitiligo risk. Using direct sequencing techniques, we found the following five MC1R coding region SNPs: Arg67Gln (G200A),(More)
Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a very rare disease characterized by the virtual absence of eccrine glands, dry skin, scanty hair, and dental abnormalities. It is transmitted by an X-linked recessive gene or rarely an autosomal recessive gene. Therefore it is only males who fully express the condition. It is caused by mutations within the ED1(More)
Most retinal imaging has been performed using optical techniques. This paper reviews alternative retinal imaging methods based on MRI performed with spatial resolution sufficient to resolve multiple well-defined retinal layers. The development of these MRI technologies to study retinal anatomy, physiology (blood flow, blood volume, and oxygenation) and(More)
Allogeneic umbilical cord blood (UCB) has therapeutic potential for cerebral palsy (CP). Concomitant administration of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) may boost the efficacy of UCB, as it has neurotrophic effects. The objectives of this study were to assess the safety and efficacy of allogeneic UCB potentiated with rhEPO in children with CP.(More)
Fatty acid-CoA ligase 4 (FACL4) is a central enzyme controlling the unesterified free arachidonic acid (AA) level in cells and the free AA is known to induce apoptosis. We have recently reported that expression of FACL4 is upregulated in about 40% of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and 50% of HCC cell lines, suggesting that FACL4 may be involved in(More)
Autocrine and paracrine factors are produced by balding dermal papilla (DP) cells following dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-driven alterations and are believed to be key factors involved in male pattern baldness. Herein we report that the IL-6 is upregulated in balding DP cells compared with non-balding DP cells. IL-6 was upregulated 3  hours after 10-100  nM DHT(More)