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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death in young adults and children. The treatment of TBI in the acute phase has improved substantially; however, the prevention and management of long-term complications remain a challenge. Blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown has often been documented in patients with TBI, but the role of such vascular(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to confirm the efficacy of spatially filtered magnetoencephalography for the preoperative localization of primary motor cortex in pediatric patients with focal lesions in the region of the sensorimotor cortex. METHODS We recorded movement-related magnetoencephalographic activity in 10 pediatric patients (age(More)
OBJECTIVES To elucidate the pathophysiology of intractable epileptic spasms in older children by describing the interictal magnetoencephalography spike sources (MEGSSs), intracranial EEG ictal-onset zones (IOZs) and their ictal high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) and surgical outcomes. METHODS We studied five patients (4.5-14 years) who underwent surgery(More)
OBJECTIVES The management of intractable epilepsy in children is a challenging problem. For those patients who do not respond to antiepileptic drugs and are not candidates for epilepsy surgery, vagal nerve stimulation (VNS), can be a viable alternative for reducing seizure frequency. We have reviewed the historical and clinical background of VNS treatment.(More)
OBJECT The authors undertook this study to review their experience with cortical resections in the rolandic region in children with intractable epilepsy. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records obtained in 22 children with intractable epilepsy arising from the rolandic region. All patients underwent preoperative(More)
OBJECTIVE Temporal lobectomy is a well-established neurosurgical procedure for temporal lobe epilepsy. In this study, we conducted a retrospective review of children with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy to evaluate seizure outcome after temporal lobe surgery. METHODS We reviewed the medical records of 126 children who had surgery for temporal lobe(More)
PURPOSE Studies of adults who underwent temporal lobectomy for intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) demonstrated declining seizure free rates over time. Using seizure and social parameters, we followed patients who had temporal lobe surgery (TLS) in childhood to determine long-term outcomes. METHODS We identified 42 patients who underwent TLS for(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the effect of LF 18-1505T, a novel nonpeptide bradykinin type-2 receptor antagonist, on brain edema and neurologic severity score (NSS) after closed head trauma (CHT). METHODS There were 132 rats anesthetized and assigned for sham or CHT; infusion of saline or LF 18-1505T (0.3, 1, 3, 10, or 30 microg x kg x min); and determination(More)
GOALS To review the published experience with acute pancreatitis in childhood. STUDY Computerized search of the English medical literature since 1965 using MEDLINE. RESULTS Details of 589 patients were reviewed. Mean age was 9.2 +/- 2.4 years (range: 1 week to 21 years). Male to female ratio was 1.2. Etiologies included (n = 589): idiopathic (23%),(More)