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BACKGROUND One of the challenges of the analysis of pooling-based genome wide association studies is to identify authentic associations among potentially thousands of false positive associations. RESULTS We present a hierarchical and modular approach to the analysis of genome wide genotype data that incorporates quality control, linkage disequilibrium,(More)
Healthy aging is thought to reflect the combined influence of environmental factors (lifestyle choices) and genetic factors. To explore the genetic contribution, we undertook a genome-wide association study of exceptional longevity (EL) in 1055 centenarians and 1267 controls. Using these data, we built a genetic model that includes 150 single-nucleotide(More)
Sca-1 (stem cell antigen-1) is a member of the Ly-6 family of proteins and regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, and self-renewal in multiple tissues. In skeletal muscle, Sca-1 inhibits both proliferation and differentiation of myogenic cells. Sca-1 expression is dynamically regulated during muscle regeneration, and mice lacking Sca-1 display(More)
The persistence of latent HIV-1 remains a major challenge in therapeutic efforts to eradicate infection. We report the capacity for HIV reactivation by a selective small molecule inhibitor of BET family bromodomains, JQ1, a promising therapeutic agent with antioncogenic properties. JQ1 reactivated HIV transcription in models of latent T cell infection and(More)
BACKGROUND The strong familiality of living to extreme ages suggests that human longevity is genetically regulated. The majority of genes found thus far to be associated with longevity primarily function in lipoprotein metabolism and insulin/IGF-1 signaling. There are likely many more genetic modifiers of human longevity that remain to be discovered. (More)
Supercentenarians (age 110+ years old) generally delay or escape age-related diseases and disability well beyond the age of 100 and this exceptional survival is likely to be influenced by a genetic predisposition that includes both common and rare genetic variants. In this report, we describe the complete genomic sequences of male and female(More)
Bone homeostasis can be compromised by an increase in osteoclast-mediated resorption and/or a decrease in osteoblast-mediated bone deposition. While many efforts have focused on treating osteoclast resorption, there has been less emphasis on identifying strategies for promoting osteoblast function. Herein, we describe a high-throughput screening assay to(More)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is an obligate human pathogen that represents a significant health concern, particularly in the developing world. Although generally associated with an acute inflammatory infection of urogenital epithelia cells, infections have been noted in multiple tissues and many infected individuals can become asymptomatic carriers. Few studies of(More)
There is considerable evidence that co-infection with the sexually transmitted pathogen Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Gc) can increase the likelihood of both transmitting and acquiring HIV-1 worldwide. However, less information is available on how host immune response to co-infection differs with immune response to HIV-1 infection alone. To evaluate HIV-1 burden(More)
Efficient muscle regeneration requires the clearance of dead and dying tissue via phagocytosis before remodeling. We have previously shown that mice lacking stem cell antigen-1 (Sca-1) display a defect in skeletal muscle regeneration characterized by increased fibrosis and decreased turnover of the extracellular matrix. In the present study we demonstrate(More)