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Receptive fields have been characterized independently in the lemniscal auditory thalamus and cortex, usually with spectrotemporally simple sounds tailored to a specific task. No studies have employed naturalistic stimuli to investigate the thalamocortical transformation in temporal, spectral, and aural domains simultaneously and under identical conditions.(More)
The spectro-temporal receptive field (STRF) is a model representation of the excitatory and inhibitory integration area of auditory neurons. Recently it has been used to study spectral and temporal aspects of monaural integration in auditory centers. Here we report the properties of monaural STRFs and the relationship between ipsi- and contralateral inputs(More)
Statistical analysis of natural sounds and speech reveals logarithmically distributed spectrotemporal modulations that can cover several orders of magnitude. By contrast, most artificial stimuli used to probe auditory function, including pure tones and white noise, have linearly distributed amplitude fluctuations with a limited average dynamic range. Here(More)
Theta (6-12 Hz) field potentials and the synchronization (coherence) of these potentials present neural network indices of hippocampal physiology. Theta signals within the hippocampal formation may reflect alterations in sensorimotor integration, the flow of sensory input, and/or distinct cognitive operations. While the power and coherence of theta signals(More)
Auditory neurons are selective for temporal sound information that is important for rhythm, pitch, and timbre perception. Traditional models assume that periodicity information is represented either by the discharge rate of tuned modulation filters or synchrony in the discharge pattern. Compelling evidence for an invariant rate or synchrony code, however,(More)
Hippocampal theta oscillations are postulated to support mnemonic processes in humans and rodents. Theta oscillations facilitate encoding and spatial navigation, but to date, it has been difficult to dissociate the effects of volitional movement from the cognitive demands of a task. Therefore, we examined whether volitional movement or cognitive demands(More)
The efficient-coding hypothesis asserts that neural and perceptual sensitivity evolved to faithfully represent biologically relevant sensory signals. Here we characterized the spectrotemporal modulation statistics of several natural sound ensembles and examined how neurons encode these statistics in the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (CNIC) of(More)
The cochlea encodes sounds through frequency-selective channels that exhibit low-pass modulation sensitivity. Unlike the cochlea, neurons in the auditory midbrain are tuned for spectral and temporal modulations found in natural sounds, yet the role of this transformation is not known. We report a distinct tradeoff in modulation sensitivity and tuning that(More)
Accurate orientation to sound under challenging conditions requires auditory cortex, but it is unclear how spatial attributes of the auditory scene are represented at this level. Current organization schemes follow a functional division whereby dorsal and ventral auditory cortices specialize to encode spatial and object features of sound source,(More)
Sparse redundancy reducing codes have been proposed as efficient strategies for representing sensory stimuli. A prevailing hypothesis suggests that sensory representations shift from dense redundant codes in the periphery to selective sparse codes in cortex. We propose an alternative framework where sparseness and redundancy depend on sensory integration(More)