Learn More
Prothymosin alpha (ProTalpha) is a highly acidic and small protein of only 111 amino acids with an unusual primary structure. One would expected it to play an essential role in the organism, as it has a wide distribution and is high conserved among mammals, yet its exact function remains elusive. Despite the number of effects described for ProTalpha,(More)
Research of a cellular pathway activated by IL-12 which may result in new therapeutical approaches for IL-12, led us to find an intriguing relationship between IL-12 and CD26/DPPIV ectopeptidase on activated T cells. Both the percentage and median fluorescence intensity (MFI) of CD26+ cells in the PHA-stimulated PBMC or lymphoblasts increased when IL-12(More)
CD26 is an ectoenzyme with dipeptidyl peptidase IV activity expressed on a variety of cell types. Although the function of the high concentration of serum-soluble CD26 (sCD26) is unknown, it may be related to the cleavage of biologically active polypeptides. As CD26 or enzymatic activity levels were previously associated with cancer, we examined the(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV), assigned to the CD26 cluster, is expressed on epithelial cells and lymphocytes and is a multifunctional or pleiotropic protein. Its peptidase activity causes degradation of many biologically active peptides, e.g. some incretins secreted by the enteroendocrine system. DPP-IV has, therefore, become a novel therapeutic target(More)
CD26 is a lymphocyte marker that can anchor adenosine deaminase (ADA) on the T cell surface. We found that ADA is regulated by cytokines on the cell surface during T cell activation. By means of flow cytometry, immunofluorescence, and immunoblotting techniques, we found that interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-12 up-regulate ecto-ADA and CD26 expression. In clear(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess if the combination of CD26 and alpha-L-fucosidase has a role in the diagnosis of colorectal cancer, paying particular attention to the stages in which the tumour is not yet disseminated. CD26 concentration and alpha-L-fucosidase activity were determined in sera from 110 colorectal cancer patients and 46 donors. The(More)
CD26, a transmembrane ectoenzyme, is overexpressed on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) peripheral blood T cells. As it has been recently described that IL-12 and IL-15 upregulate CD26 in vitro, we hypothesized that this CD26 overexpression might be interleukin dependent. The concentrations of IL-12 and IL-15, and soluble CD26 and adenosine deaminase (enzymes(More)
The acid alpha-L-fucosidase is usually found as a soluble component of lysosomes where fucoglycoconjugates are degraded. In the present investigation, we have demonstrated the existence of a cell surface protein with enzymatic alpha-L-fucosidase activity that crossreacts specifically with a rabbit anti-(alpha-L-fucosidase) Ig. By different approaches, this(More)
Summary Interleukins (IL) regulate different T-cell surface Ag known as activation markers that have distinct functional roles. In this paper, while studying the influence of some cytokines(IL-12, IL-2 and IL-4) on the expression of several markers [CD69,CD25, CD26, CD3, human leukocyte antigen (HLA-DR), CD45R0] in in vitro activated human T lymphocytes, we(More)
Among the cellular pathways activated by IL-12, we had previously found that both the percentage and intensity of CD26(+)cells in the PHA-stimulated T cells increased when IL-12 was present (independently of its CD4 or CD8 phenotype). Now, we examined the molecular mechanisms of this IL-12-mediated effect. The IL-12 regulation pathway is dependent of de(More)