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T2 toxin, a trichothecene metabolite produced by Fusarium species, contaminates cereals harvested and stored under damp and cold conditions. These substances are responsible for Alimentary Toxic Aleukia (ATA), a severe human disease, and numerous animal intoxications. The action of T2 toxin on DNA was studied by using Parodi's alkaline elution technique(More)
We studied the level of the basal (constitutive) HSP70 expression (inducible and constitutive forms) in the central nervous system (CNS) of male and female rats from the postnatal period to maturity. HSP70 levels were analyzed by immunoblotting in five different areas (cortex, hippocampus, hypothalamus, cerebellum, and spinal cord). The highest levels of(More)
Circulating myeloma tumor cells (CTCs) as defined by the presence of peripheral blood (PB) clonal plasma cells (PCs) are a powerful prognostic marker in multiple myeloma (MM). However, the biological features of CTCs and their pathophysiological role in MM remains unexplored. Here, we investigate the phenotypic, cytogenetic, and functional characteristics(More)
Despite evidence about the implication of the bone marrow (BM) stromal microenvironment in multiple myeloma (MM) cell growth and survival, little is known about the effects of myelomatous cells on BM stromal cells. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) from healthy donors (dMSCs) or myeloma patients (pMSCs) were co-cultured with the myeloma cell line MM.1S, and(More)
The importance of pragmatic aspects in conditional reasoning was assessed in the performance of 54 subjects (26 female and 28 male; mean age 17.6 years) on 48 conditional inference problems, using a 3 x 2 x 4 design, with repeated measurements. The independent variables were probability of empirical frequency in the real world, type of conditional rule, and(More)
Initiated/selected (ISH) and normal (NH) rat hepatocytes were used to study cytoskeleton modifications induced by three liver acting chemicals: 2-AAF, a liver complete carcinogen; PB, a liver tumor promoter; and 4-AAF, a non-carcinogen analogue of 2-AAF. Cytoskeleton alterations were visualized by disappearance of F-actin fibers and tubulin(More)
Three factors involved in the Solt and Farber model of rat liver carcinogenesis were studied alone and in various combinations: diethylnitrosamine (DEN) initiating dose, 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF) feeding and partial hepatectomy. The administration of DEN alone (200 mg/kg) was able to switch on glutathione-S-transferase, placental type (GST-P) expression(More)
A chimeric plasmid, pRS7Rep (6.1 kb), was constructed using the replication region of pRS7, a large plasmid from Oenococcus oeni, and pEM64, a plasmid derived from pIJ2925 and containing a gene for resistance to chloramphenicol. pRS7Rep is a shuttle vector that replicates in Escherichia coli using its pIJ2925 component and in lactic acid bacteria (LAB)(More)
The presence of a vitellogenin stimulating ovarian hormone (VSOH) in Orchestia gammarella has been demonstrated by gonadectomy and ovary grafting. Vitellogenin synthesis is not affected by molting hormone injection; it decreases after Y-organ (molting gland) cauterization. Studies in progress seem to indicate that the destruction of the median area of the(More)