Learn More
TIGR/MYOC, a novel 504 amino acids (aa) protein of unknown function, has recently been linked to glaucoma. The protein is both intra- and extracellular and most known mutations map to its C-terminus, an olfactomedin-like domain. To investigate the properties of a TIGR/MYOC peptide lacking this important domain, we constructed a replication-deficient(More)
Hedgehog signaling through its receptor, Patched, activates transcription of genes, including Patched, that regulate the fate of various progenitors. Although Hedgehog signaling is required for endodermal commitment and hepatogenesis, the possibility that it regulates liver turnover in adults had not been considered because mature liver epithelial cells(More)
PURPOSE To identify myocilin (TIGR/MYOC) properties that are specific to the human trabecular meshwork (HTM). To search for genes highly expressed in dexamethasone (DEX)-induced HTM cells that are barely expressed or absent in DEX-induced cells from other tissues. METHODS TIGR/MYOC induction by DEX (10(-7) M for 8-10 days) was analyzed by Northern and(More)
PURPOSE To test the ability of promoter fragments from the matrix Gla protein (MGP) and vascular endothelial-cadherin (VE-cad) genes to target gene expression in a specific manner in the cells of the outflow pathway, by using adenoviral-mediated gene transfer in organ culture. METHODS Perfused anterior segments of human eyes were infected with(More)
Mutations in TIGR/MYOC (myocilin), a secretory protein of unknown function, have been recently linked to glaucoma. Most known mutations map to the C-terminus, an olfactomedin-like domain. We have previously shown that, in contrast to the wild-type, a truncated form of myocilin lacking the olfactomedin domain is not secreted. In this study, we present(More)
Murine embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent, but significant functional engraftment does not occur when they are introduced into the liver. However, here we demonstrate that functional liver engraftment does occur if the ES cells (from strain 129 mice) are first differentiated in vitro for 7 days in the presence of FGF. Strikingly, when these(More)
Tissue engineering has largely focused on single tissue-type reconstruction (such as bone); however, the basic unit of healing in any clinically relevant scenario is a compound tissue type (such as bone, periosteum, and skin). Nanofibers are submicron fibrils that mimic the extracellular matrix, promoting cellular adhesion, proliferation, and migration.(More)
The pathophysiologic mechanisms leading to the malfunction of the trabecular meshwork (TM)-Schlemm's canal (SC) outflow pathway in glaucoma are still unclear. We hypothesize that chronic oxidative stress may contribute to the malfunction of the outflow pathway by impairing the intracellular proteasome system of the cells, decreasing the ability of the(More)
The mechanisms involved in the progressive malfunction of the trabecular meshwork (TM) in glaucoma are not yet understood. To study age-related changes in human TM cells, we isolated primary TM cell cultures from young (ages 9, 14, and 25) and old (ages 66, 70, and 73) donors, and compared levels of oxidized proteins, autofluorescence, proteasome function,(More)
Adult abdominoplasty (AA) fat is an ideal source for mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) because it is discarded after surgery, abundant, and easy to harvest. Children however, do not have the same abundant quantities of fat as adults, nor are they likely to undergo a procedure during which fat is routinely discarded. Hence, finding an alternate source for MSCs(More)