Montserrat Busquets

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World production of oils and fats is about 2.5 million tonnes, 75% of which are derived from plants. Most of them are used in the food industry for the manufacture of different products, or directly as salad oil. Great quantities of waste are generated by the oil and fat industries: residual oils, tallow, marine oils, soap stock, frying oils. It is well(More)
Biotransformation of oleic acid with Pseudomonas sp. 42A2 has been found to produce(E)-10-hydroxy-8-octadecenoic acid (2a), (E)-10-hydroperoxy-8-octadecenoic acid (3a), and (E)-7,10-dihydroxy-8-octadecenoic acid (4a). Structures of the metabolites were fully characterized by infrared and 1H and 13C NMR spectra of the acids, by fast atom bombardment (FAB)(More)
The isolation of a new lipoxygenase-like (LOX-like) enzyme from Pseudomonas 42A2 and its characterization is described. The enzyme, located in the periplasm of the cell, which contained 0.55 mol of Fe2+ per mol of protein, is monomeric and has a molecular mass of 45 kDa. In the presence of oxygen, the enzyme converts oleic acid into(More)
In order to produce (S) 10-monohydroxy-8E-octadecenoic acid (MHOD) from oleic acid, a full-length probable lipoxygenase cDNA from Pseudomonas aeruginosa 42A2 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The recombinant protein was purified by affinity chromatography to electrophoretic homogeneity and specifically stained. Its molecular mass was(More)
Lipoxygenases (LOXs), which are essential in eukaryotes, have no confirmed function in prokaryotes that are devoid of polyunsaturated fatty acids. The structure of a secretable LOX from Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa_LOX), the first available from a prokaryote, presents significant differences with respect to eukaryotic LOXs, including a cluster of helices(More)
Lipoxygenases (EC. 1.13.11.12) are a non-heme iron enzymes consisting of one polypeptide chain folded into two domains, the N-terminal domain and the catalytic moiety β-barrel domain. They catalyze the dioxygenation of 1Z,4Z-pentadiene moieties of polyunsaturated fatty acids obtaining hydroperoxy fatty acids. For years, the presence of lipoxygenases was(More)
Pseudomonas sp. 42A2 when incubated for 36 h with oleic acid (20 g l−1) in a stirred bioreactor, accumulated 10-hydroxy-8E-octadecenoic acid. Production in a 2 l bioreactor with 1.4 l of working volume, was increased from 0.65 g l−1 to 7.4 g l−1 with K L a values ranging between 15 and 200 h−1. A linear relationship was found between volumetric productivity(More)
Protein engineering is a promising tool to obtain stable proteins. Comparison between homologous thermophilic and mesophilic enzymes from a given structural family can reveal structural features responsible for the enhanced stability of thermophilic proteins. Structures from pig heart cytosolic and Thermus flavus malate dehydrogenases (cMDH, Tf MDH), two(More)
A method is proposed for the separation of the five molecular forms, alpha, beta, gamma, delta and epsilon, of chicken liver cytoplasmic aspartate aminotransferase free from lactate dehydrogenase activity. These molecular forms varied in isoelectric point, but no differences were observed either in their Michaelis constants or in the degree of their(More)
Alpha-, beta-, and gamma-forms of chicken liver cytosolic aspartate aminotransferase generate variants on storage (4 degrees C, 25 days). The variants developed from each isolated form appeared as evenly spaced bands with increasing anodic mobilities after polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE), pH 8.8, and specific staining. Their mobilities coincided(More)