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The "D drug" HIV reverse-transcriptase inhibitors zalcitabine, didanosine, and stavudine are relatively strong inhibitors of polymerase-gamma compared with the "non-D drugs" zidovudine, lamivudine, and abacavir. D drugs deplete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in cultured hepatocytes. This mtDNA depletion is associated with an increased in vitro production of(More)
A study was performed in 10 European health care centers in which 914 patients coinfected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who had elevated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels underwent liver biopsy during the period of 1992 through 2002. Overall, the METAVIR liver fibrosis stage was F0 in 10% of patients, F1 in(More)
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