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We measured levels of NF-kappaB activation in bone marrow (BM) cells collected at 1 and 4 h from male BALB/cJ mice (10-12 weeks old) given a whole body dose of 0, 0.05, 0.1 and 1 Gy of (137)Cs gamma-rays (at the dose rate of 0.75 Gy/min). At each harvest time-point, BM cells were collected from five mice per dose of radiation. We used two methods for(More)
We determined the in vivo efficacy of apigenin, as an anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agent, given to mice after irradiation. Various concentrations of apigenin (0, 10, 20, and 40mg/kg body weight) were administered to mice by a single intraperitoneal injection 3hr after receiving 0 or 3Gy of (137)Cs gamma rays. Mice receiving vehicle only (no radiation(More)
It has been well established that the bone marrow (BM) is a radiosensitive tissue, but the radiosensitivity of the heart is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the comparative effects of ²⁸Silicon (²⁸Si) ions (one type of heavy ion found in space) on tissue from the heart and the BM of exposed mice. We gave adult male CBA/CaJ mice a whole-body(More)
Little is known about in vivo cytogenetic effects of protons delivered at the dose and dose rates encountered in space. We determined the effects of 100MeV protons, one of the most abundant type of protons produced during solar particle events (SPE), on the induction of chromosome aberrations (CAs) in bone marrow (BM) cells collected at early (3 and 24h)(More)
The potential use of flavonoids as a radioprotector is of increasing interest because of their high antioxidant activity and abundance in the diet. The aim of this study is to examine genotoxic and radioprotective effects of one of the most common flavonoids, apigenin, on radiation-induced chromosome aberrations in human lymphocytes. The cytokinesis-block(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the biological effects of titanium ((48)Ti, one of the important heavy ions found in space) in the liver of exposed-mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS We gave adult male CBA/CaJ mice a whole-body exposure to a total dose of 0, 0.1, 0.25 or 0.5 Gy of (48)Ti ions. The liver was collected at 1 week, 1 month, and 6 months post-irradiation(More)
Although myeloid leukemia (ML) is one of the major health concerns from exposure to space radiation, the risk prediction for developing ML is unsatisfactory. To increase the reliability of predicting ML risk, a much improved understanding of space radiation-induced changes in the target cells, i.e. hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs), is important.(More)
It has been well recognized that exposure to space radiation is a major challenge to space exploration. To protect astronauts in space environments, improvement in our knowledge of radiation-induced changes in specific target cells that may affect the health of astronauts is required. Cancer of blood cells, in particular myeloid leukemia (ML), is one of the(More)
The objectives of this study were to investigate the behavior of flavonoids in an aqueous physiological buffer and to determine the structural and functional group substitution which is responsible for their anticancer action. The de-protonated anionic form of 7 flavonoids can easily be determined using spectrophotometry, and owing to its charged state, is(More)
Low-dose radiation is widely used across the world for the diagnosis of many diseases by means of a variety of imaging technologies. However, the harmful effects of exposure to low-dose radiation during medical examination remain controversial. The authors studied the effects of medical diagnostic low-dose x rays (i.e., 0.03, 0.05, or 0.1 mGy) after an in(More)