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The Arabidopsis gene AGAMOUS is required for male and female reproductive organ development and for floral determinacy. Reverse genetics allowed the isolation of a transposon-induced mutation in ZAG1, the maize homolog of AGAMOUS. ZAG1 mutants exhibited a loss of determinacy, but the identity of reproductive organs was largely unaffected. This suggested a(More)
A cDNA encoding a DNA-binding protein of the DOF class of transcription factors was isolated from a barley endosperm library. The deduced amino acid sequence for the corresponding protein is 94% identical through the DOF domain to the prolamin-box (P-box) binding factor PBF from maize. The gene encoding the barley PBF (BPBF) maps to chromosome 7H, and its(More)
Studies on distantly related dicot plant species have identified homeotic genes that specify floral meristem identity and determine the fate of floral organ primordia. Most of these genes belong to a family characterized by the presence of a structural motif, the MADS-box, which encodes a protein domain with DNA-binding properties. As part of an effort to(More)
Functional analyses of a number of hydrolase gene promoters, induced by gibberellin (GA) in aleurone cells following germination, have identified a GA-responsive complex as a tripartite element containing a pyrimidine box motif 5'-CCTTTT-3'. We describe here that BPBF, a barley (Hordeum vulgare) transcription factor of the DOF (DNA-Binding with One Finger)(More)
Recent genetic and molecular studies in Arabidopsis and Antirrhinum suggest that mechanisms controlling floral development are well conserved among dicotyledonous species. To assess whether similar mechanisms also operate in more distantly related monocotyledonous species, we have begun to clone homologs of Arabidopsis floral genes from maize. Here we(More)
The chromosomal location of the two types of sucrose synthase genes, Ss1 and Ss2, has been investigated in barley by Southern blot analysis of wheat-barley addition lines using non-cross-hybridizing-specific probes corresponding to the C-terminal regions of their respective cDNA clones (congruent to 250 bp). The Ss1 gene, whose cDNA of 2,667 bp has been(More)
Functional analysis of hydrolase gene promoters, induced by gibberellin (GA) in aleurone cells following germination, has identified a GA-responsive complex (GARC) as a tripartite element containing a pyrimidine-box motif 5'-CCTTTT-3'. We describe here the characterization of a new barley gene (Sad gene) encoding a transcription factor (SAD) of the DNA(More)
Gene-specific probes (3' ends of cDNAs) were obtained from barley cDNAs encoding two types of glycine-rich proteins: HvGRP2, characterized by a cytokeratin-like and a cysteine-rich domain, and HvGRP3, whose main feature was an RNA-binding domain. Expression of genes Hvgrp2 and Hvgrp3, which are present at one (or two) copies per haploid genome, was(More)
Enzyme promiscuity is a concept that in the last years is earning prominence in different fields of enzymology like biocatalysis, enzyme engineering or enzyme evolution. Catalytic promiscuity is defined as the ability of an enzyme to catalyze more than one chemical transformation. Naturally occurring catalytic promiscuity provide the starting point for a(More)
SUMMARY Promoter activity of ABI3 and of three LEA genes was monitored in Arabidopsis transgenics infected with Heterodera schachtii and Meloidogyne incognita. ABI3::GUS expression was induced (in four different promoter deletion constructs) during early infection stages with H. schachtii. Similar GUS expression patterns, though slightly later in time(More)